Stress And Serious Illnesses Essay

579 words - 2 pages

Eboni CrawfordActivity 1: Stress and Serious IllnessPsychologyDue: 11/24/14Post-traumatic stress disorder is a mental health condition that is triggered by experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event. The person who develops PTSD may have been the one who was harmed, the harm may have happened to a loved one, or the person may have witnessed a harmful event that happened to loved ones or strangers. When in danger, it's natural to feel afraid. This fear triggers many changes in the body to prepare to defend against the danger or to avoid it. This "fight-or-flight" response is a healthy reaction meant to protect a person from harm. But in post-traumatic stress disorder, this reaction is changed or damaged. People who have PTSD may feel stressed or scared even when they're no longer in danger.The most common cause of PSTD is with war veterans, but it can result from a variety of traumatic incidents, such as mugging, rape, torture, being kidnapped or held captive, child abuse, car accidents, train wrecks, plane crashes, bombings, or natural disasters such as floods or earthquakes.The symptoms of PSTD are grouped into 3 categories: reliving, avoiding, and increased arousal. In reliving, People with PTSD repeatedly relive the traumatic event through thoughts and memories of the trauma. These may include flashbacks, hallucinations, and nightmares. They also may get really scared when certain things remind them of the trauma, such as the anniversary date of the event. In avoiding, the person may avoid people, places, thoughts, or situations that remind him or her of the trauma. This can cause feelings of detachment and isolation from family and friends, as well as a loss of interest in activities that the person once enjoyed participating in. Increased arousal includes...

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