Distinguish between problem-focused coping and emotion-focused coping.
Lazarus and Susan Folkman (1984) were the first scholars to make the distinction between problem-focused coping and emotion-focused coping.
Problem-focused coping seeks to ameliorate the stress being caused by a given situation by identifying and making efforts to deal with the source of the problem. It may involve taking action to remove a stressor or to evade a threatening stimulus. Problem focused coping attempts to modify the stressful problem or source of stress Problem- focused strategies lead to changes in behavior or the development of plan of action to deal with stress. A person may take time off from stress by creating positive events. For example, taking a day off from caring for a relative with a serious illness to go to the beach can bring significant relief from stress.
Alternatively, emotion-focused coping is to reduce then density of distressing emotions associated with stress—that is, the aim is to make oneself feel better about a real or perceived threat or stressor without addressing the source of the stress. Emotion-focused coping often occurs when problem-focused coping fails to reduce the stress in a situation or when the stressor is so great that problem focused coping has no real likelihood of helping. It can also come into play when many aspects of a situation are out of one’s control, such as when one is dealing with a terminal illness or the sudden death of a loved one. Emotion-focused coping is when we try to
reduce the negative emotional responses associated with stress such as embarrassment, anxiety, or fear (Delongis & Holtzman, 2005). Examples of Emotion- focused coping includes strategies such as accepting sympathy from others and looking at the bright side of the situation.
What is your basic outlook on life and how does this impact on your ability to cope with stress?
My basic viewpoint on life is that it is full of events and or situations good and bad. They each bring variations in joy, sorrow, happiness, depression, empathy among other emotions. Though stressful situations occur in my life which are sometimes deemed a crisis or a trauma I still choose to have a positive outlook of life. I set goals on yearly bases for every quarter of the year and reflect from time to time on my goals to keep my focus on my outlook of life. Also, I keep a positive outlook by focusing on the achievement of my goals like acquiring my drivers permit one year ago and completing two UWI short courses with a B+ average.
As a result of my outlook being positive I am able to deal with stress quite well. Generally, positive thinking aids in reducing and proper stress management.
Discuss some stress minimizing and management methods.
Stress Management involves changing the stressful situation when you can, changing your reaction when you cannot, taking care of yourself, and making time for rest and relaxation. Additionally, it is important for an...