This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Striving For Genetic Perfection Through Genetic Engineering

2535 words - 10 pages

Naturally we humans are imperfect, We can have poor eyesight, we can be overweight,

have a disease that challenges our mobility, our lifespan and even our mental health; however,

science has discovered a method of treatment that can stop all of these disorders before you are

even born. Genetic Engineering is the scientific process of altering certain genes in living

organisms such as plants, animals and humans to achieve a specific beneficial purpose. The pros

of genetic engineering include, cures from many if not every incurable disease known today,

modifying our food sources so they may grow more in abundance, and nurture an overall healthier

generation of children. The cons of genetic engineering include further damaging our

environment, exhibit an unethical social view of human morality, and invoke a new means of

warfare specifically biowarfare. In my opinion, genetic engineering is a step forward in

humanities ever advancing knowledge of our world, it can save lives, make us healthier and is

less dangerous than other scientific techniques.

Genetic Engineering began with the theories of natural selection by Charles Darwin. In his
book “Natural Selection,” Charles Darwin explains “ An individual, therefore, which from having
Ayala 2
some slight profitable variation, was preserved or naturally selected, would in many cases, tend to

transmit the new, through slight modification to its offspring” (214). Darwin then begins to

describe hybridism, which he explains as “ The sterility of two pure species, when first crossed &

that of their hybrid offspring has not always been sufficiently distinct”(389). Darwins theories

were the forefront of many scientists who strived to become more knowledgable of genetics, and

his theories were explanations of genetic variations that lead to new species. In 1890, According
to The Office of NIH History at the National Institutes of Health, Gregor Mendal a European

monk, discovered the basics of heredity or genetic inheritance, while conducting experiments to

common garden pea plants. Mendal’s findings became the Laws of Heredity. Not until 1900, was

when Medal’s research respected and understood. In 1943, Oswald Avery a medical researcher,

discovered the location of DNA while applying techniques present at that time. This discovery by

Avery lead to the birth of modern genetics and molecular biology. In 1977 researchers Mary-Dell

Chilton, Eugene W. Nester and Milton P. Gordon proved that DNA plasmid transferred and

integrated into plant DNA. The experiment allowed a map for genetic engineering. In 1990 The

Human Genome Project began. Essentially , the project was to map out and decode the genetic

information located within the 23 chromosomes of a human being, in which would help advance

the understanding of organisms. In 1996 the world’s first successful cloning of a sheep at Roslin

Institue in Edinburgh,...

Find Another Essay On Striving for Genetic Perfection through Genetic Engineering

Genetic Engineering Essay

1768 words - 7 pages help Lilith lead her people back to Earth. But there is a price. For the Oankali were genetic engineers. DNA manipulators. Gene traders. They planned to give us their alien ness. They planned to take their humanity. Through this novel, I have an interest in ‘genetic engineer’. What is genetic engineering? Is it possible to cure cancer by changing or manipulated genes or DNA? How does it work and how it can be manipulated? Also, I would

Genetic Engineering Essay

2204 words - 9 pages living factories for the production of pharmaceuticals and as sources of organs for transplantation into humans. (New animals created through the process of cross-species gene transfer are called xenographs. The transplanting of organs across species is called xenotransplantation.) A combination of genetic engineering and cloning is leading to the development of animals for meat with less fat, etc. Fish are being

Genetic Engineering

1160 words - 5 pages offspring. The biggest type of genetic engineering used today is gene engineering is the manufacturing of pharmaceuticals. Insulin, a pancreatic substance that is responsible for the breakdown of glucose, is a hormone which diabetics lack in their digestive systems. Before 1982 the only means of getting insulin was through the extraction of cattle on pig pancreases (Cambell 407). With new technology scientists can manufacture human insulin. The

Genetic Engineering

1031 words - 4 pages environment and did not make drastic changes to the environment. It was not until the industrial revolution that pollution and people’s negative effects on the environment became very apparent. New technology allowed for people to make changes that could possibly be irreversible upon the environment. With the culmination of drastic changes coupled by the advancement of technology, we have genetic engineering. Genetic engineering is both a threat and a

Genetic Engineering

1565 words - 6 pages Human genetic engineering has the key to ending international conflict and suffering. With the ability to genetically enhance the minds of the future generations, this will bring about better leaders and thinkers. These minds would be able to help all countries find new economic stability, as well as a strong government that would bring peace to the world. Genetic engineering can bring many different benefits for human kind for numerous reasons

Genetic Engineering - 903 words

903 words - 4 pages others. While many scientific minds are all for creating ‘perfection’ in a child, many different groups of minds are arguing this act against nature should be abolished from scientist’s minds. A major group against Genetic Engineering is the Religious groups in the world. Genesis 1:27 “So God created human being in his own image”. Scientists are changing this exact method. While they may look the same, inside each of these altered humans are

Genetic Engineering - 1727 words

1727 words - 7 pages desirable characteristics" for each organism.Genetic Engineering is an extremely controversial subject which has been criticized, praised, and questioned by the media. However, the information which is being distributed to the public is not always accurate. Therefore, there are a large number of different opinions about genetic engineering, most of which are not based on real facts, but rather others biased opinions. Throughout this essay I will

Genetic Engineering

627 words - 3 pages Genetic Engineering Two years ago, genetically engineered bacteria, which unexpectently killed beneficial soil fungi, escaped into sewers through human error and have become toxic to plants and survived when expected not to.3 These are the sorts of consequences that come with playing God. DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) - the chemical compound that makes up the genes and determines the type of proteins a cell can make - is the core of genetic

Genetic Engineering - 965 words

965 words - 4 pages friendly herbicides and pesticides. This allows farmers to have excellent weed and insect control while not harming the environment. These traits also increase the crop yield because the crops are not competing with weeds or getting eaten by insects. An increase in yield provides more grain for livestock and exporting. Through these benefits, genetic engineering is feeding more people with less land, labor, and money. One example of a

Genetic Engineering - 1176 words

1176 words - 5 pages The selective Engineering of Genetics is invaluable to the health and happiness of humans. The importance of this issue has played second fiddle to the arguments, for and against genetic engineering. This essay will discuss the impact of genetic engineering on everyday life, for example genetic disorders, disease and how its impact on life in the world today. Although the opinions differ greatly, the benefits are substantial.Firstly, an

Genetic Engineering - 1116 words

1116 words - 4 pages it's pretty cool great work/minor punctuation errorsGenetic EngineeringThe engineering of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is entirely new, yet genetics, as a field of science, has fascinated mankind for over 2,000 years. Man has always tried to bend nature around his will through selective breeding and other forms of practical genetics. Today, scientists have a greater understanding of genetics and its role in living organisms. Unfortunately, some

Similar Essays

Genetic Engineering (Genetic Technology) Essay

564 words - 2 pages great benefits can result from the latest advances in gene technology. If the findings were to be used in plants, many solutions to certain problems the world is currently facing could be resolved. For example transgenic organisms could yield bigger and taller plants or even produce greater quantities of crops in counties where food is needed most. Genetic engineering can also make plants more resistant to certain diseases thus yielding more

Genetic Engineering Essay 1178 Words

1178 words - 5 pages type of murder because of the process of genetically modifying a baby. Evidence has shown that genetic engineering may have benefits ,but with these benefits will come disadvantages. Scientists have not proved that genetic engineering is safe, the only thing they have stated are opinions. One researcher that claims “genetic diversity” can be a safety problem for us, humans. The scientist explains that “ if we were all to undergo genetic

Genetic Engineering Essay 1422 Words

1422 words - 6 pages decision.To understand Genetic Engineering we must first understand how genes work. Genes are transmitted through chromosomes that exist in the nucleus of every living organism's cells. Each chromosome is made up of fine strands of deoxyribonucleic acids, or DNA. The information carried on the DNA determines the cells function within the organism. Sex cells are the only cells that contain a complete DNA map of the organism; therefore, the structure

Genetic Engineering Essay 2142 Words

2142 words - 9 pages amount of time and money genetic engineering will help reduce disease and save countless lives.Many people do not realize that genetic engineering plays a role in many lives through out the world. Genetic engineering includes artificial insemination, in vitro fertilization, sperm banks, cloning, and gene manipulation (Goetz 178). Synthetic insulin is now available for use to treat diabetes. This man-made insulin has many positive aspects, which