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Stroke Project Essay

709 words - 3 pages

Strokes are the third greatest cause of death in America, next to cancer and heart attacks. The brain heavily relies on its blood flow and if the course is obstructed the brain will lose its supply of oxygen. If the brain lost oxygen for a matter of minutes then it would the part of lacking oxygen would literally suffocate to death. There are two main types of strokes; there is an ischemic stroke, which is caused by blood clots or other particles. There is also a hemorrhagic stroke, which is caused by bleeding. Hemorrhagic strokes have a much higher fatality rate. If a stroke is going to take place you will have symptoms from a few hours to a couple day before the stroke. Most types of strokes will give you permanent brain damage, like partial loss of vision or paralysis, in some cases these loses can be regained.Symptoms: Some symptoms of a stroke are loss of sensation on one side of the body, weakness, dizziness, slurred speech, partial loss of ...view middle of the document...

Some strokes are caused by atherosclerosis, where fat deposits and blood platelets collect on the wall of the arteries, producing plaque. These deposits, over time, will slowly block the flow of blood to the brain and if the flow stops completely a stroke will occur.History: The stroke was first recognized 2,400 years ago, but back then it was known as apoplexy, a Greek word meaning "struck by violence". It was given this name because each person that contracted this disease developed sudden paralysis and change in well-being. Back then physicians had next to no knowledge of the anatomy and function of the brain, so they didn't know the cause or how to treat a stroke. Not until the 1600's that a doctor, Jacob Wepfer found out that patients with "apoplexy" died from bleeding in the brain, he figured when the blood flow was blocked to the brain it cause apoplexy.Treatments: When the doctor diagnosis you with a stroke firstly has to figure out two things, what cause of the blockage and the location of wear the clot occurred. Treatment for this is based on trying to prevent further complications from happening. If you have an ischemic stroke you can take medicine, which will dissolve the blood clot, this medication is called thrombolytic agents but are more commonly named "clot busters". After the stroke, to prevent further complications, they may use such treatments as ventilators, which help you breath, IV fluids, proper nutrition, and blood pressure control.Misconceptions: Some people jump to conclusions if they're having a stroke or not, if they experience any of these symptoms they may diagnose themselves as having a stroke without a doctors consent. A lot of people believe that a stroke and a heart attack are the same thing, they aren't, a Stroke is more like a brain attack, the only similarity these two attacks have is they both involve the circulatory system. Some people also think that a stroke is unpreventable, they are dead wrong, if there are some signs a stroke may occur then proper dieting and exercise may reduce the chance of a stroke. And lastly a large amount of people believe that strokes can only happen to old people, thirty three percent of stroke victims are under the age of 65.

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