Structural Funding Policy In The Eu

3651 words - 15 pages

Structural Funding Policy in the EU

The central aim of this paper is to examine European Union policy in terms of its agenda setting characteristics. To do this, a theory of punctuated equilibrium is explored, based on the emergence and recession of policy issues from the transnational policy agenda. The primary goal of this paper is to define the current equilibrium and how it is punctuated. The secondary goal is to examine what forces drive the punctuated equilibrium, so that we might predict punctuation in the future. To this end, I hope to demonstrate the utility of the theory by studying structural funding (SF) policy within the European Union.

“Supranational integration has been one of the most distinctive
features of the politics of Western Europe since the end of
the Second World War. Indeed, during these years, few
other policy issues arising initially in the sphere of foreign
affairs have impinged so deeply upon the domestic domain
of the countries concerned and have prompted such wide-ranging
changes in the political and economic life of Europe.”

The twenty-first century is bringing with it an entirely different perspective on transnational integration. The transformation of Western Europe into a transnational body marks victories of enlargement, creation of a European Community, passage of a line of treaties, and adoption of economic and social policies. The consequences, in terms of costs and benefits, of joining the European Union can be clearly evidenced by the passage of an onslaught of economic policies such as those included in the Treaty on European Union, the Single European Act, the Growth and Stability Pact, and others.
Examining policy at the transnational level gives scholars the unique opportunity to see how the agenda setting process works within systems of multi-level governance. The increasingly interdependent nature of the transnational system has “resulted in national borders becoming ever more ill matched with political and economic forces and reality.” This interdependence has made it possible for Western European states to transfer policy responsibilities to the transnational level in order to “shape, manage, control, take advantage of, and keep pace with the modern world.”

To the extent that transnational authorities attempt to control, either directly or indirectly, the economies and social welfare of its members, the study of policymaking is a process worth studying. EU policymaking is governed by various instruments, including treaty provisions, regulations, and directives. While many policy studies on the EU focus on the need for, and benefits of, general economic and social policies, the more fundamental, and I would submit rigorous issues of specific policy formation, and its impacts, are under researched.

The central aim of this paper is to begin closing that gap by examining EU policy in terms of its agenda setting characteristics. To do this, I...

Find Another Essay On Structural Funding Policy in the EU

Trade protection in agriculture by European Union and the United States results in gains for some and loss for others. Evaluate the impact of US Farm Policy or EU Common Agriculture Policy on...

2328 words - 9 pages Question 2Trade protection in agriculture by European Union and the United States results in gains for some and loss for others. Evaluate the impact of US Farm Policy or EU Common Agriculture Policy on developing countries.The European Union (EU) is the agricultural leader among developed countries in international trade. It is well-known as a world's major food exporter. In 2010, for example, its agricultural exports, mainly processed foods

A Crisis: Funding for Educational Technology in the United States

2052 words - 8 pages A Crisis: Funding for Educational Technology in the United States The United States is a country that thrives through technological advancement. The wealth and success of this nation is dependent on providing every child, regardless of race, ethnicity, or gender, with the opportunity to obtain technological skills that are essential for a successful future. Unfortunately, educational funding for technology has failed to take precedent

Equality of Citizens and Non-Citizens in the EU

2575 words - 10 pages Introduction The territory of the European Union (EU) hosts roughly 500 million people. Are they all equal in their rights? Definitely not. One of legal dividing lines lies between the nationals of EU Member States (Citizen) and third-country nationals (TCNs) whose citizenship belongs to a non-EU country. Nationality therefore does matter in EU law: it confers different statuses. The paper compares the two separate legal regimes that are

Structural Unemployment and Cyclical Unemployment in the United States

2703 words - 11 pages start hiring immediately when demand begins to rise until they are confident that economic growth will continue the recall experienced workers or hire new ones” this is because of the fear of market instability or market fluctuations in a weak economy. 3 Ehrenberg,R.G.and Robert S.S. (2012).Modern Labor Economics:Theory and Public Policy,11thEdition.Boston,MA:Pearson Education,Inc. p 508 4 Valletta R. and Kuang K.“Is Structural Unemployment on

Does representation in the EU threaten the future of freedom in the European Union?

590 words - 2 pages outweigh the negatives, thus dismissing the notion that representation in the EU threatens its future of freedom.First, let’s take a look at the positives. As we know, the purpose of democratic government is that it is supposed to be for the people. The implementation of the E.U. creates many benefits for its citizens. Citizens can work and live in any E.U. country they desire, as most E.U. countries have lessened the restrictiveness of their

The Achievements, Failures and Main Options for the EU in the Management of Global Interdependence

1883 words - 8 pages goals. Alan Mayhew claims there were probably not enough reforms on the EU budget that still low productivity sector, agriculture and poorer regions in rich countries, although new policies have emerged: climate change-related low-carbon economy, strengthening controls on migration at the common EU border, research and higher education, the EU’s neighborhood and external policy . In the beginning the EU’s reaction to the crisis was rather

The External Factors of Truck Manufacturer in Eu And Usa Over The Next Decade

3378 words - 14 pages below.Political/LegalThere are main issues about conventions and globalization factors from the EU part and security system S-TPAT with high restricted rule of government in the customs.Figure 2: The Supply Chain CostSource: eyefortransport, 2008Infrastructure and the management of public transport system policy cause huge impact on logistics and auto manufacturers. As indicated in Figure 2, the main cost of company's logistical cost is trade

The fiscal policy in economics.

579 words - 2 pages Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, exchange, and consumption of goods and services. The study of economics focuses on how individuals, corporations, and societies choose to use the scarce resources provided by nature and previous generations. The two policies in today's economics are none other than the Fiscal and Monetary Policy. Although they both deal with economics you could not find any stranger of a

Muslim Immigration, European Security, and the Rise of Xenophobia in the EU

1436 words - 6 pages nations to address the issues of social and economic inequality that enable right-wing forces to legitimize their complaints in governmental policy; moreover, the EU must enact specific legislation that will protect its Muslim communities from discrimination, at the risk of aggravating the "civilization segregation" and polarizing the debate even further. Given this fragile environment, how can the EU combat terrorism without alienating or undermining

Fiscal Policy In The US

712 words - 3 pages Fiscal Policy In The US “Real plans for real people.” This was the coined theme for the Bush campaign back in September. As far as I can see with his tax cut plan in doesn’t involve “real people”. It may just depend on your definition of the term, but the “real people” of America are the middle class, hard working families. Bush’s tax plan is now said to be $1.6 trillion over a ten year period of time. Most of this money will go to the upper

Report for non European investor that consider investments in the EU market(Swot analysis included)

1258 words - 5 pages policies, laws and legislation processes that are functioning in EU such as Customs Law, EU import regulation, trade defence measures that are imposed on third countries and other restrictions with respect to the enforcement of intellectual property right The knowledge on EU's Common Commercial Policy is also crucial because it covers all the main measures affecting trade in goods and services and almost all trade-related issues. Trade-related areas

Similar Essays

Integration In The Eu And Monetary Policy

2438 words - 10 pages Integration in the EU and Monetary Policy The creation of the European Union (EU) is a great political and economic feat. For it is the ultimate sign of cooperation between nations that had been in constant rivalry before. Nevertheless, the ideals of such a union cannot stand alone without having a strong foundation and continuos rational decision making by all of the actors involved. If we assume that the European Central Bank’s (ECB

The Democratic Deficit In The Eu

2041 words - 8 pages governments would lose their individual voices thereby losing some sovereignty to the EU. Additionally, if the legislative function is owned solely by the Parliament they set the budget and therefore allocate the revenues to the executive. This will encourage a bartering system between the two branches, and the executive (the Commission) might find itself acquiescing to the Parliament in order to obtain funding. This might allow the Parliament unchecked

Inequality In The European Union (Eu)

1927 words - 8 pages approach that starts with the premise that social issues – particularly unemployment – are inherently structural rather than individual (Vickerstaff, 2011). Sweden is traditionally seen as an archetype of this approach, with comprehensive benefits and active labour market policies (Esping-Andersen, 1990). Indeed, Sweden is one of the most competitive EU nations and has some of the highest standards of living in the world. It has the third lowest Gini

School Funding In The Modern Era

1775 words - 7 pages School funding is a recurring issue in the modern era. Debates ranging from give schools more money, to get rid of the system in place and reform a new idea have been plaguing the world over the years. “The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, signed in 2009, provided more than $100 billion in education aid to offset budget cuts..” (School Finance). Later, “Congress provided an additional $10 billion in 2010 to avert mass teacher layoffs