Divergent, By Veronica Roth Essay

1148 words - 5 pages

Every day, struggle charges into peoples’ lives, causing rage, ruin, and wreaking havoc. Struggle is in every world, whether it’s on Earth or in a book, such as Divergent. Divergent, written by Veronica Roth, takes place in a dystopian world where a civilization splits its population into five factions that represent their beliefs: Abnegation for selflessness, Amity for peace, Candor for honesty, Dauntless for bravery, and Erudite for intelligence. After the main character Beatrice ‘Tris’ Prior goes through Dauntless initiation, she learns that Erudite is planning an attack on the Abnegation people. In order to significantly portray struggle in Divergent, the literary devices foreshadowing, mood, and conflict were used.
Foreshadowing is one of the main literary devices that is able to show struggle. For example, right after their first fear simulation, Will, Christina, Al, and Tris got new tattoos. While Al was giving Christina a piggy back ride, Christina almost fell off of him, and she grabbed Al’s face to hold on. Everyone started to laugh, but Tris noticed something about Al. “Al seems happy, but there is something heavy about even his smiles. I am worried about him” (Roth 247). Foreshadowing is used in this quote by hinting that Al is depressed. This indicates that something bad may happen to him out of his carelessness. Foreshadowing contributes to Divergent’s theme of struggle because the reader has to make an inference, and sometimes the inference is wrong. If the reader’s inference is incorrect, they don’t completely understand the importance of an event until it passes or is brought up again, leaving the reader perplexed and making it a struggle for them to follow the storyline. Throughout her journey, Tris must make inferences about people and events happening around her, and if she fails to correctly analyze the situation, her Divergence may be discovered or people may die. This is similar to what the reader is doing because the reader must correctly analyze the meaning of the words to gather more information and gain a deeper knowledge of what’s happening, otherwise the reader could be confused. This makes it a struggle for the reader to fully grasp the concept of the book until the end.
Another major literary device that effectively shows struggle is mood. An example of mood would be when Tris, Will and Christina are throwing newspapers into the chasm, and then Tris sees Four scaling the Pit. Thinking it’s suspicious that he’s out so late, she follows him to the fear landscape room. “Across the room, Four stands at the door to the fear landscape. He holds a black box in one hand and a syringe in the other” (Roth 320). Four then invites her to go into his fear landscape with him. Mood is used in this piece of writing by making the setting a creepy area: It’s late at night, they’re by the fear landscape room, and Four has a syringe in his hand. This makes the mood of the story ominous and eerie. The mood of the story contributes to...

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