The general topic to be discussed in this research plan is nutrition, peoples eating habits and what impacts it has on them. The diet a person has can either have a positive or negative impact on the body; this research will look into how particular diets affect academic performance. Past research on the topic suggest that a well-nourished diet has positive impacts on academic performance. The literature review will give detailed information on past findings, research methods and conclusions on the topic. Furthermore, it will include a discussion on why people still eat unhealthy food when they know it is bad for them. At the completion of the literature review, the aim of the research will be stated, dependent and independent variables will be identified and finally the concepts of the plan will be defined.
The academic performance of an individual has a huge impact on their life, if a person has a high level of education; they are likely to live a healthier life, have a higher income, and enhanced economic status (Florence, Asbridge & Veugelers, 2008). It is not only beneficial to the individual, the entire community will benefit if more people are performing well academically, then more people receive higher education which results to better health care, good working environment as well as high self-esteem and health awareness (Florence et al, 2008). The question that arises from here is how one gets people to perform well at school. There are number of factors associated with school performance such as social economic status (SES), quality of school, gender and ethnicity, but this research is interested in nutrition. The problem with linking nutrition to diet is that people do not eat individual nutrients the body requires, they eat a variety of foods containing different kinds of nutrients. For this very reason the research will focus on the effects fruits and vegetable have on academic performance.
Findings: linking fruits & vegetables to academic performance
Previous research on the link between eating fruits and vegetables, particularly one in Canada by Maclellan, Taylor and Wood (2008), found that a high number of children in a sample did not meet the recommended dietary intake (RDI) considered adequate by Canada’s guide to eating healthy. Yet students who performed well academically were more likely to eat fruits and vegetables on a daily basis. On the other hand SES was not measured; therefore it could not be determined whether a link exists between SES and consumption of fruits and vegetables. Research aimed at connecting diet quality and academic performance found that students with a poor diet quality in the sample recorded lower scores when assessed. Furthermore, students who ate more of fruits & vegetable and less of high calorie food were less likely to score less in an assessment (Florence et al, 2008).
Effects fruits and vegetables have on the body