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Student Suicide: A Retrospective Study From South Delhi

1211 words - 5 pages

Discussion
Student suicide is a very grave phenomenon and a great loss to the family and to the country itself, as they are the future of the country. Various studies have been conducted and editorial have been published world-wide. All these studies have analysed demographic profiles of suicide, the reasons behind it and various strategies to prevent this.
In this article we have studied all the student-suicide cases during a period of one year from September 2012 to August 2013. Total cases were 69 cases, comprising of 31 male and 38 female. When it was compared to suicide among the total population, it came out to be 14% of them. It is in agreement with NCRB data 20123 which also showed the same ratio for South Delhi. According to population data 2011, the suicidal ratio among the general population was 15/Lakh while among enrolled students was 12/Lakh in the South Delhi region.
Our study suggests that female students are more prone to suicide than male students. On the contrary, NCRB data (representing the whole of the country) show the ratio of male-female suicide in the general population in the age-group of 0-30 years is 5:4. A retrospective study by Sanjeev Lalwani et al4 on adolescence-death in the age-group of 10-18 years during the year 1991-2000, showed the male - female ratio to be 1.24:1. These facts suggest that female students are more susceptible to suicide than their male counterparts. This conclusion is supported by a study conducted by Rahul Sharma et al5 on ‘Suicidal behaviour amongst adolescent students in South Delhi’ in the age group 10-19 years in South and South-west region of Delhi in the year 2008, where they concluded that female students are more likely to have suicidal tendencies than male students.
Most of the student-suicides occurred during the month of March to August. Month of March to August is the most active period of academic sessions in Delhi, during which period one academic session ends and another begins. This finding is in accordance with the findings of the researchers from the University of Central Lancashire and King’s College, London6, where they found that a substantial proportion of the students died in periods of transition at the start or towards the end of the academic year. They also found that many of the suicides were having a fear of academic failure as a major pressure on them.
In our study, reason behind suicide was mainly academic failure, only small percentages have cited various relationship issues and family dispute as the reason. This finding is in concordance with a study conducted at Tokyo University by M UNO et al7 on psychological aspects of student suicide. They concluded that reason behind suicide in most of the cases was failure to achieve academic accomplishments. Dr Su-Ting Teo, director of student health and wellness at Toronto’s Ryerson University, commented about the cause of suicide among students, “some of it is health, some of it is relationships, some of it is...

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