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Study Notes For Civics Class About The President's Job And The Executive Branch

1391 words - 6 pages

Cabinet-a group of presidential advisers made up of the heads of the executive departments, the Vice President, and other officialsBureaucracy-a government or other organization with many different departments and complex rules and proceduresExecutive Order-a rule the President issues that has the force of lawAmbassador-an official representative of a country's governmentTreaty-a formal agreement between two or more countriesExecutive Agreement-an agreement between the President and the leader of another countryPardon-a declaration of forgiveness and freedom from punishmentAmnesty-a pardon granted to members of a group who have broken a lawReprieve-an order to delay carrying out a sentence ...view middle of the document...

Must be at least 35 and have lived in the U.S. for 14 years.The President serves four-year terms in office.Q: what are the qualifications and terms of office for the Vice President?A: must be a native born citizen (not naturalized) of this country. Must be at least 35 and have lived in the U.S. for 14 years.The President serves four-year terms in office. The Vice President serves four-year terms and can serve for more than two terms.Q: What are the constitutional provisions for presidential succession?A: in 1947, Congress passed the Presidential Succession Act, which indicates the line of succession after the Vice President. According to this law, if both the President and Vice President die or leave office, the speaker of the house becomes President. Others include the president pro tempore of the Senate and the members of the cabinet.Q: what are the President's responsibilities as Chief Executive?A: Appointing officials, Issuing Executive orders, President must "take care that the laws be faithfully executed". Executive branch determines provisions of each new law. Bureaucracy is a huge network of agencies and employees in the executive branch.The president heads this bureaucracy in his role as the Chief Executive. The President carry's out the nations laws. The constitution gives the President the power to appoint many government officals: ambassadors, judges, heads of government agencies, and members of cabinet. The president can also remove most officials after they have been appointed but the senate must approve.Q: What two powers does the President have as Chief diplomat?A: The President appoints 150 ambassadors to countries around the world that the U.S. recognized. The President needs the approval of the senate in order to appoint ambassadors. The constitution gives the President the power to make treaties with "the advise and consent of the Senate" The senate must approve the treaty by a 2/3 vote only then can it be signed into a law. An executive agreement is an agreement between the President and the leader of another country. Does not require Senate approval.Q: Which military responsibilities are given to the President as commander in chief and which to congress?A: Running the military is divided between congress and the President. President (A civilian) is the overall commander of U.S. military/Only the President can order American soldiers into battle. In 1973, Congress passed the War Powers Act, which limits the President's authority to wage war. This law requires the president to notify Congress immediately when troops are sent into battle. These troops must be brought home after 60 days unless Congress gives it is...

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