Examination Of Leadership Theories Past And Present

1447 words - 6 pages

What happens to a person who is thrusted into a leadership position or a person who decides he/she wants to lead others? Would this person have to or need to take leadership classes in order to become a “good” leader or is this something that needs to be learned and nurtured by a mentor? According to Clawson (2006), “leadership is about managing energy, first in yourself and then in those around you” (p. 3). Clawson (2006) further adds that people have good ideas and believe in them but their energy is very low, therefore, they cannot effectively generate enough energy to lead others. This paper will examine four leadership theories, compare and contrast them, and examine how these theories can address contemporary leadership issues and challenges.
In the following table is a brief look at the four theories that will be highlighted in this paper and how they compare to each other:
Trait Approach: earliest used to study leadership, emphasizing the personal traits of leaders; the assumption is that certain people possess certain innate characteristics that make them better leaders than others.
Situational Approach: this approach is more focused on the contextual factors such as, nature of work performed by the leader’s unit, individual characteristics of the followers, or more specifically the nature of the work environment.
Transformational Approach: this approach is viewed as a process by which leaders and followers inspire one another to elevated moral conduct; feeling of betterment within each individual under this influence.
Fiedler’s Contingency Model: this approach states that effectiveness depends on two factors: the personal style of the leader and the degree to which the situation give the leader power, control, and influence over the situation.
Avolio & Yammarino, 2007, pp. 379-387
Looking carefully at these leadership theories, one could safely assume that the trait approach is likening to Fiedler’s Contingency Model because of similarities of the personal trait and personal style. Could we say that style and trait are synonymous? Style as defined by Encarta (n.d.) a way of doing something, especially a way regarded as expressing a particular attitude. Encarta (n.d.) defines trait as individual characteristic: a characteristic or quality that distinguishes somebody. For example: Leader X always approach problems with the attitude, “this is not as bad as it may seem”. Leader X’s style is calm and composed. Leader X’s trait is one of assurance that everything will be okay. If you look at the definitions and examples, these two approaches can be used synonymously.
On the other hand, the trait approach is on the other end of the spectrum from transformational approach. A leader who uses the Trait Approach may not always have the energy to inspire others as well as the energy to inspire oneself (Clawson, 2006). Trait leadership may or may not have the traits to be morally correct, which is what Transformational leadership is...

Find Another Essay On Examination of Leadership Theories Past and Present

The Past and Present of Halloween

624 words - 3 pages September or earlier to encourage widespread purchases of various costumes and candies. In other cultures, there are spiritual celebrations that influenced modern American Halloween. Present Halloween has been influenced by spiritual celebrations of other cultures, historical events, and commercialism. Halloween is derived from the Christian holiday All Hallows’ Eve, which is the day before the feast of All Hallows’ Day. This time is dedicated to

Examination of Trait and Situational Leadership

1352 words - 5 pages TRAIT AND SITUATIONAL LEADERSHIP APPROACHES 1An examination of Trait and Situational Leadership ApproachesDana L. ZandersUniversity of Maryland University CollegeTurnitin Originality Score_________ AbstractThis paper will compare and contrast trait and situational approach leadership theories, the development of the theories and how effective each are in organizations. This paper will compare each approach, some of their research history and the

Past, Present and Future

1202 words - 5 pages Past, Present and FutureIntroductionThis paper reflects upon my personal and professional growth during my study at the University of Phoenix. I am actively pursuing a degree in marketing. During my journey, I have undergone many personal and professional changes.Part One- PastWhen beginning my journey at the University of Phoenix there was a void in my life and a feeling of disappointment that I had not furthered my education. I had always

Genocides Past and Present

1756 words - 8 pages Genocides Past and Present Genocide, a dire event, has been recurring time and time again throughout history. In the past, there was the Holocaust, where Hitler exterminated over six million Jews based on his anti-semitic views. Elie Wiesel, a Jewish author, has become a very influential man in educating the world of the true events of the Holocaust due to his involvement in the disaster. Presently, a genocide is occurring in the Darfur region

Past, Present, and Future

1626 words - 7 pages Running Head: PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE 6Past, Present and FutureLawrence Collins, Jr.GEN 480July 8, 2013Remona ClarkPast Present and FuturePastEvery student has his or her story. Mine began in the cafeteria where I had worked. A fellow employee was working on his homework during lunch. Being curious, I asked questions. As with my friend, I immediately saw the potential for University of Phoenix (UOP) to help me reach my long-term goals. Two

Japan, Past and Present

1134 words - 5 pages Japan, Past and Present When I think of Japan and its people, I think of geishas, elaborate festivals, and its age old customs. What I’ve come to learn about Japan is that it’s a combination of old tradition but very modern advances. Japan is a modern country that has moved towards democracy and is today one of the strongest economies in the world. And though history plays a major role in Japanese culture, it has truly evolved into a country

Past and Present Life

1285 words - 5 pages to lifestyles past. We are now struggling to find what to eat and relying on experts, instead of rely on our instincts like our ancestors, which could hurt us in the future. Pollan says that we also cannot go back to our past, due to the large population being unsustainable. In my life, the world described by Michael Pollan is a reality. I admit that I rely on a grocery store to get my food, and that I do eat a large amount of processed foods

Sin: Past and Present

1638 words - 7 pages wrath, such as when the biblical figure Haman called for the killing of Mordecai and all the Jews. Violence and wrath are encouraged today, especially in youth. Violent video games and gory films are played and watched by multitudes in present society. Children are even allowed by their parents to engage in these activities. Studies have shown that movies and video games have ended in violent acts committed often by children, and not much

Criticism of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn: Past and Present

629 words - 3 pages Criticism of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn: Past  and Present      The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is one of the all-time most controversial American novels.  Marks Twain’s masterpiece, narrated by a rebellious boy who rafts down the Mississippi river with a runaway slave, has received a wide variety of kudos and criticism since it first appeared in 1885.  While it is still applauded for its childlike imagination and realistic use

Freud: Past, Present and Future

1647 words - 7 pages once long ago strived to research, study, and interpret the psychological field have all paved the way for the impact that these theories hold. The methods of learning this information and passing it on for other generations to study, research, and apply to their new approaches is why knowing about past historical figures is important today.Other works that Sigmund Freud researched, studied, and brought about can be compared to his development of

Multimedia: Past, Present, and Potential

1527 words - 6 pages Multimedia: Past, Present, and Potential Upon being asked for an example of what "interactive multimedia" is, what would a common response be? Video games might come to mind. Though this is a valid response and a ready example of multimedia, it is important not to limit it to solely entertainment. I have come to believe that most people pigeonhole multimedia because it encompasses such a broad spectrum that it is hard to understand otherwise

Similar Essays

Past, Present, And Future: An Examination Of The Hood And Historical Films

1793 words - 7 pages “past, present, and the unborn” which she forces the audience to see African-American history (Brouwer 9, 6); with Daughters (1991), Dash addresses African-American marginalization, slavery and cultural imperialism (Brouwer 6). Dash’s message of the film was to understand the negativity of the current world; in one scene of Daughters (1991), Nana refuses to accept the family migration to the North because the migration will lose the sense of old

Mandatory Vaccination In The United States: A Past And Present Examination Of Jacobson V Massachusetts

1350 words - 6 pages ? Mandated policy, while clearly constitutional, will continue to be a “battle of ideas” not unlike the battle of ideas over a hundred years ago (11). Moving forward, the best path may simply be to present the facts in a clear objective fashion, enable legislation to remove barriers to vaccination, and continue to let parents and adolescents decide whether to receive vaccination. Works Cited 1. Wolfe RM, Sharp LK. Anti-vaccinationists past and

Past And Present Struggles Of Asian Americans

1122 words - 4 pages One theme that I found to be very interesting is the struggles that Asian Americans have faced in the past and the present. I never knew about the struggles that have been happening in places like China and Laos. I never realized how many families come from poverty and violence. I have only learned very little about historical events such as Vietnam. I am only now becoming more aware about the human rights problem in China. I am so used to

Chinese Immigrants Of The Past And Present

1663 words - 7 pages home and they can be useful to help their children understand a culture that they were never able to experience. While the roles of all American women have changed greatly throughout history, it is also important to view the roles of Chinese-American women and how they have changed throughout the past 200 years. From the beginning, female Chinese immigrants have experienced discrimination that has been both racist and sexist. A major example