May 15, 2014
Study the bible! : The Use of Bible Allusions in Literature
Biblical references are a technique used in literature by authors to alter readers perceptions. The readers beliefs are challenged by using biblical references in literature. In “The Gospel According to Mark” by Jorge Luis Borges, Borges uses many biblical references to give readers a different view of the main character. With the biblical references being used in “The Gospel According to Mark”, readers are able to portray the main character, Baltasar Espinosa as a Christ-like person. Borges’ use of biblical references is important because it allows him to challenge the reader’s religious beliefs.
In “The Gospel According to Mark” by Jorge Luis Borges, the main character, Baltasar Espinosa is sent out to the country to teach and live with the Gutre family. Espinosa read them a bible since the Gutre family could not read all. Along the way, Borges starts to describe things about Espinosa’s life and events that happen during his trip, such as a massive flood that overflowed the land. Many of the things that are described by Borges are things that are strongly related to the bible. Borges uses things from the bible to compose his story “The Gospel According to Mark”.
The use of biblical references in literature is to bring out the special meaning that the author is trying to get to his readers. In the article “What is the function of an allusion in literature” by Daniel Liden, Liden states “The use of the Biblical allusions serve not only to communicate lines from the Bible, but also to evoke the many emotions and ideas that people associate with those passages.” Borges tries to get his readers to have an experience that relates to the bible by implementing illusions into his story. Borges wants the reader to see the main character as a clear representation of Jesus Christ. His biblical references help the reader in doing so.
Some references Borges uses are just simple descriptions of Espinosa that are a direct allusion to Jesus Christ. Borges states “He did not like to argue; he preferred it when his interlocutor was right and not he himself. Although the vagaries of chance in any game fascinated him, he played them poorly because it did not please him to win.” This quote is a clear representation of how Jesus Christ is told to be in the bible. He is seen as a noble and peaceful man. Borges uses this exact characteristic to describe Espinosa. Another characteristic used that is a reference to Jesus Christ in the bible is when Borges states “His wide intelligence was undirected; at thirty-three years of age, the completion of one last subject stood in the way of his graduation, despite its being his favourite.” In the bible, Jesus Christ is portrayed as a man with an immense amount of knowledge. Espinosa’s knowledge comes from him knowing the bible well. Jesus Christ was also crucified when he was...