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Study The Rise Of Condottieri Warfare In Italy. What Political And Economic Factors Led To The Employment Of Condottieri?

856 words - 4 pages

Study the rise of condottieri warfare in Italy. What political and economic factors led to the employment of condottieri? Describe their tactical organization, weapons and tactics.Although Italy was not immune to the mercenary-phenomenon that was spreading fast throughout Western Europe, the for-hire professional soldier did not consume the Italian armies until approximately 1320-30. Italy was absorbed with the current Renaissance, and therefore the majority of its attention dealt with the heightened appreciation of its culture and overall well-being of both citizen and state. However, at the same time as the appreciation of civilization as a whole grew, so too did the power of the ...view middle of the document...

Thus, the very men that should have been preparing and leading armies for war were the very men that pushed hardest for the hiring of the many professional soldiers in the region, and less for any personal involvement the state's army.This is not to say they were not involved in the army's business, rather they themselves steered perfectly cleared from actually serving in the army. Rather, they were content to finance the armies to fight in their stead and to decide when and where these armies would wage war--further separating their 'business class' of society from the 'uncivilized' unintelligible brute force that was war (and not businessman-like). In the end the hiring of the condottieri caused the complete 'civilization' of the inner city businessmen and intellectuals, and left Italy to defend itself independently and with mercenary armies--a moved that turned parts of Italy into very bloody battlefields, and caused the fickle employment between wars and campaigns of the warriors themselves.Additionally, the hiring of these professional mercenaries provided the Italians with armies that were widely diverse in their armaments and battlefield techniques. As the soldiers themselves came from kingdoms throughout Western Europe (for the most part) it was natural that the weapons they procured were similar--that is, they possessed crossbows, longbows, pikes and staffs, as well as the typical swords and lances of the time. However, these armies for hire were essentially...

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