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Stuff Essay

638 words - 3 pages

In this paper, I will argue that the most plausible moral theory is the Rawlsian Social Contract Theory (RSCT) when compared to U5. I will prove why this theory is superior to Jeremy Bentham’s hedonistic act utilitarianism (U5) by first raising an objection against U5 and exploring why the Utilitarian response to that objection is insufficient.
Utilitarianism is a theory that claims that the proper course of action is the one that maximizes utility. Utilitarianism is derived from consequentialism in that knowing whether an action is morally right or wrong depends solely on its consequences; the correct action is one that yields more happiness over suffering in any given situation. English philosophers Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill were the leading advocates of “classic utilitarianism”. “Actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness”, this quote by John Stuart Mill epitomizes the main idea of utilitarianism, and utilitarian’s believe that happiness is the only thing that has intrinsic value, I for one do not agree with this theory. There are several problems with this theory, one of the objections to U5 is the “individual rights” objection. The objections states that just because something makes people happy doesn’t make it right. One such example is the case of the inhospitable hospital:
Suppose that Jack is in the hospital for routine tests, and there are people there who need vital organs right away. A doctor has the opportunity to kill Jack and make his death look natural. It would maximize happiness to cut Jack up and give his heart to one patient, his liver to another, his kidneys to still others, and so on. (We are supposing that the organs are good matches, and the other patients will die if they don’t get them)....

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