This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Style And Themes Inherited And Transformed In Lu Xun's "Diary Of A Madman" Compared With Gogol's "Diary Of A Madman"

1251 words - 5 pages

After reading Lu Xun and Gogol's "Diary of a Madman", it is apparent that the writing style and the choice of themes treated in Lu Xun's "Diary of a Madman" are influenced by Gogol's "Diary of a Madman", but Lu Xun presents the story in a more penetrating and elaborate way to accentuate the themes. Before revealing how Lu Xun incorporates Gogol's ideas into his work, we first examine the contacts between Lu Xun and Gogol.Lu Xun's writing career began from his indignation and poignancy toward China's underdevelopment and her corrupting tradition. Therefore, he advocated people to learn from foreign countries. He also read many foreign authors' works and introduced them to Chinese readers. Among these authors, Gogol was the one whom he admired most. Starting from February of 1935, he spent almost a year to translate Gogol's work " A Specter's Spirit" ( °èË) and later translated his other works "A Nose"(*@ q) and "Spying on Gogol's mind" (0/00Êoe÷-- "æV). Besides, later when Lu Xun commented on his early works, he said, "the theme of "Diary of a Madman" is to expose the vice in Chinese tradition. Its impact is broader than Gogol's indignation and more concrete than Nietzsche's remote and inscrutable superman."(from the prologue of the second series of the New Chinese Literature) From these evidences, though they had not met each other, Gogol's works indeed had great impact on him especially on his early works.Though both stories are written in diary form, the concept of time and the narrative methods are presented differently. In Gogol's story, time is expressed in dates. The dates become less understandable when time proceeds and the date in the last entry becomes upside down and inside out. The disorder of the dates reveals the madman's increasing insanity and so indicates he further detaches from the reality and recoils into his own fantasy. Yet in Lu Xun's story, the concept of time is indicated by the moonlight instead of dates and the revelation of his psychological state is reflected from his perception of the moonlight. The previous treatment presents the madman's state in a more dramatic way while the later in a more romantic way. With respect to the narrative form, Gogol's whole story is a collection of diary entries and in the last one, we know the madman is institutionalized and still severely suffered from the mental disorder as he regards himself as "the Dey of Algiers" (Gogol, p. 259), a deposed king. Slightly different from Gogol's form, Lu Xun's story composes of a short narration and a series of diary. A man's narration at the beginning mentions the madman "recovered and has gone elsewhere to take up an official post"(Lu, p. 7) This narration opens up the ending as we do not know whether the "madman" has returned to his previous life, conforming to the tradition or has made up other planning after an agonizing appeal to "save the children" (p. 18). The opened-up ending leaves more room for readers...

Find Another Essay On Style and themes inherited and transformed in Lu Xun's "Diary of a Madman" compared with Gogol's "Diary of a Madman"

Zlata Filipovic, "Zlata's Diary" Plot summary, Characterization, Themes

1060 words - 4 pages . Zlata's very sad when Cicko, her bird dies. They hardly have any electricity, the winter is cold, they are hungry and they are living in the kitchen but they are thankful about getting humanitarian aid. Her faily and friends are sick and tired of the war. She sent she sent her diary, Mimmy, to a publisher and he promotes her diary. Letters are very important for Zlata and her family for staying in contact with their friends and relates. She gets to

Vlad III Dracula: A Madman and Hero

1764 words - 7 pages Vlad III Dracula was considered a hero to some and a madman to others. Vlad ruled as prince, or voivode, of Wallachia, Hungary three times during the mid 1400s A.D. During his second reign, Vlad used several different tactics against the Ottoman Turks and other opponents. He expertly employed psychological and torture techniques; his most famous method was impalement. Vlad’s tactics were unconventional, but proved in keeping Wallachia safe for

Charles Manson, Orgins of a Madman

2510 words - 10 pages to exploit it. He started to collect aretinue of impressionable girls searching for a community of love. With a guitar, apleasant voice, sinuous mannerisms, and sweet talk with empty promises, Mansonconvinced many young-adults to leave their lives and families to be with him. Thebeginnings of his 'Family' took shape.Whenever Manson succeeded in gaining one of these followers, the first thing hedid was to deprogram both their ego and their 'hang

Conflicts of a Madman in Poe's "A Tell-Tale Heart" Edgar Allen Poe

1461 words - 6 pages illness - delusions of grandeur. To show how sane he is, the narrator begins to go into elaborate detail describing the preparations for murder. "You should have seen me. You should have seen how wisely I proceeded - with what caution - with what foresight - with what dissimulation I went to work"(34)! He takes great pride in his patience and stealth as he enters the old man's room every night for a week. "It took me an hour to place my whole head

The Diary of a Gladiator

2143 words - 9 pages irritated with him. I think he is just jealous of how well known and successful I am. Now I know that the glory is everything and no one will make me believe in different.22/06/58Dear Diary,Today I got in a massive fight with Flavius. We were talking about the battle he fought in Colloseum. He was being very childish about the fact that he had to kill his opponent and I told him to man up. He looked at me in a strange manner and told me I'm a

Miep Gies And The Diary Of Anne Frank: A Light In The Dark

1029 words - 5 pages her dedication in taking care of them: "It's a wonder Miep has a life of her own, the way we make her run errands for us" (36). Although none of the hidden Jews survived, with the exception of Otto Frank, Miep preserved an invaluable piece of history - Anne's diary, which held her soul and essence, and now could be shared with the world.Miep was indisputably a hero; she risked her life to save the Franks, Van Daans, and Dussel, but she also

The Professor and the Madman

1122 words - 5 pages entertaining. All books have reviews, and with this novel, it is full of positive comments. All non-fictions novels have cultural impact and influence, such as The Professor and the Madman does. Many contemporaries viewed the dictionary as the first truly global lingua franca, because it documented every word from the English dictionary (Peers 1). This impacted society, because if anyone needed a word to look up, it was in the OED. Since the creation of

Perma Red and The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian: A Comparison and Analysis

1565 words - 6 pages Perma Red and The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian Over the course of the past semester we have read several books about Native American’s and their culture. The two books I found to be the most interesting were Perma Red by Debra Magpie Earling, and The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian by Sherman Alexie. In each story we see a young person from a reservation dealing with their Native Identities, Love, Loss and everything

Theme of Journey in Into the Wild, The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-time Indian, and The Crucible

980 words - 4 pages beginning to under stand the importance of family and togetherness. Unfortunately, this discovery is met with the end of his journey; namely, his death. Arnold’s journey has some very similar characteristics to Chris’, although it is a little less physical, and mostly metaphorical. When we first meet Arnold (The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-time Indian), he is living on the Spokane Indian Reservation, going to the local high school, and

The Diary of a Social Butterfly

1924 words - 8 pages political and social environment became a bit religiously extreme, she and her family felt uneasy during that time (Lau). This might be the reason why she has critiqued in so much depth over the Pakistan’s politics and Pakistan’s elite class, in her journal- The Diary of a Social Butterfly. The journal is satirical commentary through the perspective of a socialite. It is filled with humor, tongue in cheek tone and wit which gives the reader fits of

"Moon Palace" by Paul Auster. A description of the plot and a creative diary task

539 words - 2 pages MOON PALACE -PAUL AUSTERThis is the story of Marco Stanley Fogg, an orphan searching for love, his father and the keyto the riddle of his origin and fate.Marco's mother was killed in a car accident when he was eleven years old, and he never knewwho was his father. Since then he had lived with his Uncle Victor in a small apartment on 112thStreet in N.Y. His Uncle was a part of a band who was named Wally Moon and preformed atthe Moon Palace

Similar Essays

The Diary Of A Madman Essay

1216 words - 5 pages In the story, Diary of a Madman, by Lu Xun, we come across a man visiting his brother, only to realize something is not right, but as the story goes on, the protagonist seems to be unfolding a horrific secret about the village, though is the village the horrific one, or has the protagonist gone mad? Lu Xun's way of telling the story by using the character’s perspective, the pace of the story and the wording can affect the meaning or

Extreem Dislike Of Society In Emily Dickinson’s Poetry, Gustave Flaubert’s Madame Bovary, And Lu Xun’s Diary Of A Madman

1808 words - 7 pages It is funny and yet tragic to see that no matter where an individual’s geographical location is or for the most part when in history the duration of their lifetime occurred, that they still can share with other tormented individuals the same pain, as a result of the same malignancies plaguing humanity for what seems to have been from the beginning. Emily Dickinson’s poetry, Gustave Flaubert’s Madame Bovary, and Lu Xun’s “Diary of a

Gogol As St. Petersburg. "Diary Of A Madman", By Nikolai Vasilevich Gogol

1381 words - 6 pages Within Diary of a Madman, Gogol attempts a tale of epic proportions, if only for the schizophrenic mumblings of a character so immersed in his own psychosis that he fails to realize that the entire world does not share his own delusions. Through numerous journal entries, Aksenty Ivanovich Poprishchin leads us throughout his world, from his mediocre job and crush on his employer's daughter, to his encounters with dogs of higher intelligence, to

The Secret Diary Of Adrian Mole Aged 13 3/4 By Sue Townsend Plot Summary, Characterization, Themes, Author

2188 words - 9 pages The Secret Diary of Adrian Mole Aged 13 3/4Author: Sue TownsendPublished: Mandarin Paperbacks, 1983Setting: from Thursday January 1st to Saturday April 3rd (Two years later)Plot SummaryAdrian is an acne plagued thirteen-year-old teenager who reports his thoughts and experiences in his secret diary every day. He finds himself confronted with all sorts of problems, worries about his father who works all day and is a heavy smoker and drinker, about