Subjectivity Theory: Values Are Subjective Essay

774 words - 4 pages

Many value judgments are subjective as they are based on personal principles. Most societies don’t share the same views because they reflect personal preferences rather than objective facts (Pojman & Fieser). Values are not universal; people don’t share the same views or opinions because of the individual’s experiences in life which lead to them forming their own opinions on certain matters. This results in a different value to another person who has had a similar experience but formed a different judgment (Ethical Subjectivism - By Branch / Doctrine - The Basics of Philosophy).
Objectivism is a theory where there is a set of rules that are universally valid for all people and social ...view middle of the document...

(Pojman & Fieser)
“Subjectivism holds that there are no objective moral properties,” (Objectivism101)
This quote states that in order for a value to be solely subjective it can’t represent any objective properties. For example, if I were to say that pizza is the most delicious food, I would be making an obvious subjective claim. However, this judgment would only be true for me; nobody is obliged to agree or disagree thus making it solely subjective. This then states that subjectivity is based purely on an individual’s beliefs with no one person having to support their view. It is henceforth inappropriate to extend this to all judgments, typically moral judgments (Objectivity, Subjectivity and Moral views, 2014). For example, killing people is morally unacceptable, but based on subjectivity anyone could easily disagree based on their own personal judgment.
Therein lies the problem posed with subjectivity; it offers no way for people engaged in debate to resolve their disagreements without each side having to show tolerance by recognizing the similar truths of their opposing opinions (Objectivity, Subjectivity and Moral views, 2014). However, feelings and attitudes change over time as experiences and circumstances change. With this, values are expanded on and can be grouped into a larger scale of similar judgments, thereby eliminating over time the arguments over differing values (Ethical Subjectivism - By Branch / Doctrine -...

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