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Substance Abuse Essay

945 words - 4 pages

Ericka AvilaPsychologySubstance AbuseAddiction. The biological state in which the body adapts to the presence of a drug so that the drug no longer has the same effect; also known as tolerance (Psychology Today). The question that everyone wants to know is if substance abuse is something we develop through experience being the nurture side of things; or are we born with it: nature. Addiction could be a disorder that one cannot control, or it could also be penalties made from bad judgment. Many psychologists believe it is either nature or nurture. Addiction/substance abuse could be caused by both, nature and nurture. Drugs, whether its prescribed or psychoactive drugs to alter perceptions and moods, they all have side effects that could effect the way you live your everyday life. Most people manage to use nonprescription drugs in moderation without disrupting our life, but some use self-harm substances that alter their everyday life (Myers, 2014, p. 108). According to Addiction: A Whole New Views, the claim that millions of Americans are apparently "hooked," not only on the drugs such as cocaine, heroin but also on nicotine, caffeine, work, love (Rogers, 1994). Although most people choice to do these drugs they also could be used as "dependencies," they depend on these drugs to either alter their views. Nature plays the roll in withdraws, most people are in contact with addictive substances during satisfying acts (Rogers, 1994). This evidence is that addictive behaviors are normal, a natural part of our wiring (Rogers, 1994). Everyone engages in addictive behaviors to some extent, such as eating, drinking, etc. so why not add drugs to the mix? According to Addiction: A Whole New View, they claim that the icescape fact is that nature gives us the ability to become hooked on these drugs. Our brains did not develop receptors to temp us with heroin addiction, these drugs have a great deal about showing us how the brain works, how you taste or experience something you like (Rogers, 1994). Nature gives us the temptation to try new things; whether or not it is satisfying. The side effects come to those who find pleasure in these drugs (Walden, McGue, Iacono, Burt, & Elkins, 2004). This study has shown that even though these twins grew up in a good parental household, they still suffer from addiction due to their peers and the environment around them.Adolescence: a critic time for the formation of the brain mechanisms and self-regulation. Mechanisms are related to brain maturation; neural plasticity response to increases environmental demands summoned by ones social life (Kirillova, Vanyukov, & Reynolds, 2008). The substance abuse could be due to aggression towards other people, elevated impulsivity, aggression, and promoting affliction with older and deviant peers. Behavior genetic studies have suggested that early substance use is primarily due to environmentally medicated. According to a journal article Identifying Shared Environmental...

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