Substance Abuse In Pregnant Women Essay

1859 words - 7 pages

“Crack-babies” a media induced phenomena brought about by the climax of public outcry from the results of the 1980’s war on drugs. This term laid the foundation for biased prosecutions which sparked a political crusade during climate of the time. Thus exploiting the public’s fear of children born to substance addicted mother and creating a firestorm of litigation to prosecute pregnant drug addicts. According to Flavin, Paltrow (2010), current evidence points to public stigmas and prejudice as posing a greater danger to both maternal and fetal health than use of the drug itself. Leaving the question as to why addicted women are still publicly reviled for the outcomes of their circumstances. From this abhorrence stems the likelihood that these women would be deterred from seeking prenatal care than to seek help for their addiction; expelling an even greater issue as the concern of health care is then added to the mix. The complex social issues then must be taken into consideration to underscore the need for policymakers to allow for the legal and medical systems to better create programs for these women and allot for rehabilitation instead of punitive solutions.

During the late 1970’s a movement began with state prosecutors using child abuse, endangerment statues and charges of provisions of drugs to a minor to prosecute pregnant women who used illicit substances during their pregnancies. The prosecution of a pregnant heroine user in the State of California with a felony child endangerment charge was one of the first of such prosecutions in 1977 (Stone-Manista, 2009, pp.823-856). This was the catalyst for the often biased punishment of pregnant drug addicts under the scope of the law. It is this vein of prosecution that struck a dichotomy between the advocates of pregnant women’s rights and the advocates of fetus rights. Both sides focus on not only the future legal implications that these cases might set precedent to but also of the familial, medical, and public health aspects to the argument as well.

The rationality of those who support the punishment of addicted mothers focus on the idea that maternal conduct could lead to potential detrimental effects upon the fetus and that prosecution of such behavior would serve as both retribution for the fetus and as a deterrent. Whereas those who advocate for the pregnant women view this rational as not only impermissible but also unconstitutional as in current legal standing the fetus has no rights that usurp those of the pregnant woman (Stone-Manista, 2009, pp.823-856). Advocates also suggests that the breadth of forces that lead to drug use in pregnant women have a prevalent cultural and social foundation that the proponents for deterrence and retribution ignore in favor of strict scrutiny. This conflict between women’s rights and fetal rights has caused a paradigm in the prosecution of pregnant drug users as the interpretation of criminal sanctions argues over the definition of ‘child’ as...

Find Another Essay On Substance Abuse in Pregnant Women

Feminist Context: Intersections between Substance Abuse and Treatment between Women in the U.S.A. and Mexico

2191 words - 9 pages ). Let's pay attention to girls and drugs. Children & Schools, 28(3), 131-132. Pelcastre-Villafurete, B., Ruiz, M., Meneses, S., Amaya, C., Marquez, M., Taboada, A., & Careaga, K. (2014). Community-based health care for indigenous women in Mexico: A qualitative evaluation. International Journal for Equality in Health, 13(1), 2-18. Romero Mendoza, M., Saldívar, G., Loyola, L., Rodríguez, E., & Galván, J. (2010). Gender inequities, substance abuse and treatment barriers in women in prison. Salud Mental, 33(6), 499-506.

Substance Abuse in the Workplace Essay

2148 words - 9 pages Substance Abuse PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 1 Substance Abuse in the WorkplaceIllegal drugs have been a part of the American society for centuries and continue to be a burden for today's economy. Each year the government allots billions of dollars towards educating and treating individuals who suffer from substance abuse yet the numbers continue to increase. Healthcare premiums reflect the medical arenas stance on substance abuse by raising their

HIV-AIDS Testing in Pregnant Women

608 words - 2 pages In the year 2001, "Regional HIV-AIDS Statistics and Features" (qtd. in AIDS 22) reported that nearly 340,000 adults and children in the United State's population were living with HIV-AIDS. And nearly twenty percent of those infected were women. Each year there are an estimated number of about forty-five thousand new confirmed HIV-AIDS. Because of the way that this virus is transmitted and passed through the blood, pregnant women should be tested

HIV-AIDS Testing in Pregnant Women

608 words - 2 pages In the year 2001, "Regional HIV-AIDS Statistics and Features" (qtd. in AIDS 22) reported that nearly 340,000 adults and children in the United State's population were living with HIV-AIDS. And nearly twenty percent of those infected were women. Each year there are an estimated number of about forty-five thousand new confirmed HIV-AIDS. Because of the way that this virus is transmitted and passed through the blood, pregnant women should be tested

Effects of Substance Abuse in Teenagers Life

1312 words - 5 pages teenagers often partake in substance abuse is because the media. Most of the music and shows in today worlds practically advertise tobacco and alcohol use, so how can a teen not think about trying it. According to a New City of Berkeley study, half of the most popular music among youth in the San Francisco Bay Area includes references to smoking or tobacco. The researchers analyzed 79 of the top-playing songs on radio stations catering to

Substance Abuse Increasing In Inner-city Minorities

1018 words - 4 pages Substance Abuse Increasing in Inner-City Minorities      Substance abuse is an ever increasing epidemic facing America's inner- city minorities. There are several different drugs that are gaining popularity amongst inner-city youths 1. Juice, that is marijuana soaked in embalming fluid is starting to show up in more and more inner east coast cities 2. Crack or rock cocaine is by far one of the most addicting drugs out

Alternatives for Pregnant Women in the Correction World

1125 words - 5 pages program in September 1999, 546 pregnant and parenting women and 1,164 children have received services. The MOMS program has intensive individual and group training, gender-responsive educational programs, case management, housing assistance, and other services with a range of community-based post-release services including substance abuse treatment, mental health care, and primary services. Incarcerated pregnant women and women with young children can

Pre-eclampsia And Eclampsia Disorders In Pregnant Women

1587 words - 6 pages Pre-Eclampsia and Eclampsia Disorders In Pregnant Women      Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are disorders in pregnant women. Pre- eclampsia is hypertension and eclampsia is the worsening of pre-eclampsia where the woman experiences convulsions or goes into a coma. The complication of eclampsia in a pregnant woman can put her and her unborn child at risk. A risk that may be fatal. This is only to briefly define the

Inflammatory Indices and its Relevant Factors in Pregnant Iranian Women

1653 words - 7 pages ). Increased of pro-inflammatory indices serum TNF-α and CRP levels have been associated with insulin resistance, aging, sepsis, muscle damage and pre-eclampsia during pregnancy (4, 9-10). It may also play a role in insulin resistance among normal pregnant women and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) (4-5, 11-12). Patients who develop pre-eclampsia during pregnancy are at increased risk of long-term cardiovascular diseases (CVD), such as

The Midwife’s Role in Informing Pregnant Women of the Importance of Folic Acid

2739 words - 11 pages ,. (1981) and by Laurence et al,. (1981) highlighted that NTDs were shown to increase in pregnant women who were deficient in folic acid both before and during pregnancy. There have been further studies by the Medical Research Council which took place in the late 1980s (Wald & Bower, 1995) and confirmation from the Department of Health 1992 recommended that folate and folic acid be part of a supplementation for all women prior to conception and

TIP 48 Managing Depressive Symptoms in Substance Abuse Clients during Early Recovery

933 words - 4 pages The following protocol, TIP 48 Managing Depressive Symptoms in Substance Abuse Clients during Early Recovery, will be discussed in conjunct with class notes in order to discern ways to effectively work with clients with co-occurring disorders. Clinicians need to be able to assess accurately for mental health disorders, substance use, and readiness for change. First, when working with a population with co-occurring disorders it is vital they are

Similar Essays

A Substance Abuse Intervention For Pregnant Women

1686 words - 7 pages prenatal substance abuse. Because of the prejudicial implementation process pregnant white women, unless they are poor, are not burdened by this social disparity. The nurse has clearly taken a punitive approach to the client's problem, lacking the cultural competency and empathy to view Ms. Harrison's situation in its entirety. The patient is mentally ill, pregnant and without income. She began smoking to quiet the voices in her head, because

Women With Substance Abuse Problems Essay

1299 words - 5 pages Running head: SHORT TITLE OF PAPER (<= 50 CHARACTERS) Women with Substance Abuse Problems Monique Cone BSHS402 October 11, 2010 Elizabeth Nyang Women with Substance Abuse Problems Currently 500, 000 babies are born addicted to illicit drugs each year. Of course, this number only represents those infants that make it to a hospital and are tested. It is unknown how many fall through the cracks, but babies have

Women With Substance Abuse Problems Essay

1085 words - 4 pages Substance Abuse 1 Substance Abuse PAGE 6 Women with Substance Abuse ProblemsMonique ConeBSHS402October 11, 2010Elizabeth NyangWomen with Substance Abuse ProblemsCurrently 500, 000 babies are born addicted to illicit drugs each year. Of course, this number only represents those infants that make it to a hospital and are tested. It is unknown how many fall through the cracks, but babies have been found dead in dumpsters, in garbage bags, streams

Intimate Partner Violence And Substance Abuse In Women

2537 words - 11 pages in understanding which substance use disorders may be related to intimate partner violence, whether it be perpetration or victimization. The table below depicts specific substance use based on perpetrator or victim status. (Smith, et al., 2012) Lewis, Milletich, Kelley, and Woody set out to study the effects of intimate partner violence and substance abuse on sexual minority women. (2012) For the purpose of this study, a sexual minority