Substance misuse is the continued use of drugs or alcohol despite negative consequences to the individual using, their friends, family and the community. Drug misuse is usually considered as a crime while most individuals overlook it as a mental health issue. Most people do not come forward to seek help because of the stigmatization and the fear of the law. This school health education programme can only be successful if partners from the health, education and social services sector are actively involved.
The target population under consideration are teenagers between the ages of 13-17 though there has been cases of drug use in individuals under this age group. The teenagers attending 5 secondary schools in Manchester, North West England. This population is important because of the high rate of drug use in the area. Although, the highest number of deaths occur among the 40-49 age group, most drug addicts admit to using of drugs early in their teen years. Manchester in North West of England will be chosen because of the high rate of drug misuse in the area.
The Getting To Outcomes (GTO) planning model (Chinman et al. 2004)will be used for the implementation of this programme as it is suitable for long term projects. It was initially designed to improve on substance misuse programmes. GTO will be of importance because it is flexible, recognizes existing programmes and has checklists for accountability (Wiseman et al. 2007). However the use of checklists can be limiting and this programme will adopt some steps from the Precede-Proceed model. This is because the Precede-Proceed model recognizes that there are multiple factors that are responsible for people's behaviour and it outlines a detailed evaluation process (Greeen and Kreuter, 2005).
LEVELS OF HEALTH PROMOTION
The levels of health promotion that will be carried out for this project will be primary and secondary alone not involving tertiary though individuals that need treatment from drug misuse complications will be referred to the appropriate institutions. The primary health promotion aspect will involve educating the staffs and students on how big the issue of drug misuse is and though it does not usually have immediate consequences, it can affect not just the individual involved but the family and community. It will also involve building the confidence of the students and showing them how to take control of...