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Sudanese Conflict Essay

2274 words - 9 pages

The future of Sudan is uncertain because of the violence happened these recent years. Colonialism left its great mark on the country primarily because according to Tomar (2004), since Sudan gained its independence from Great Britain in 1956, their politics have been dominated by military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments. At that time, the new government tried to transform the political system that worked for the British into one that would serve the ethnically diverse country.
Sudan is the largest country in Africa in terms of area with an estimated population of about 39 million.Its population is one of the most diverse on the African continent according to Bureau of African Affairs (2011). Muslims who are Arabs comprise about 70 percent of the population who mainly settled in the north followed by those Africanpeople who stayed in the south – these are people holding indigenous beliefs who comprise about 25 percent of the population and Christians, 5 percent (Tomar, 2004). The main problem with Sudan is that no matter how well the government and the minority Christian party worked out their problems, the minority party would still feel as if the current system is working against them. Because of this Sudanese Conflict arises.
Sudanese conflict is known to be the longest running civil war in Africa. Sudan has been at war with itself for more than three-quarters. Bureau of African Affairs (2011) stated thatsince the country’s independence, the prolonged conflict rooted in cultural and religious differences that slowed down Sudan’s economic and political development and forced massive displacement of its people. Northern Sudanese, who have traditionally controlled the country, sought to unify Sudan through Islamization despite the opposition of non-Muslims southern Sudanese and marginalized people or the indigenous people.This act of opposing made northern Sudanese more inconsiderate tothe southern which entailed violence. Both sides fought for what they knew was good for them. As what in the Leviathan of Hobbes, this shows that man is a wolf of man and that the state of nature is a state of war. The conflict between the two opposing sides led to the deaths of millionsof people, many from starvation and fights. This only affirms Hobbes’ thinking that life is solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short. Furthermore, the quarrel between them can be explained in the Hobbes’ Leviathan why it existed. According to Hobbes, there are three causes of quarrel: competition, diffidence, and glory. Sudanese conflict shows competition wherein man kills each other because of desire. It entails violence to subjugate other people. It is like in the case that if two men desire the same thing which they cannot both enjoy, they become enemies and attempt to destroy one another. And, tokeep one alive is to become more powerful than the other. In diffidence, the act of fighting shoes the desire for safety. They both fight because primarily both sides do...

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