Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Essay

1602 words - 6 pages

Imagine the thought of a mother going in to her child's room and kissing her baby good night, expecting to hear the gentle breath of her baby. Instead all that she hears is silence. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is the "sudden death of an infant under one year of age which remains unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history" (Willinger, 1991).More children die of SIDS in a year than all who die of cancer, heart disease, pneumonia, child abuse, AIDS, cystic fibrosis and muscular dystrophy combined. Many researchers now believe that babies who die of SIDS are born with one or more conditions that make them especially vulnerable to stresses that occur in the normal life of an infant, including both internal and external influences.SIDS is unexpected, usually occurring in otherwise apparently healthy infants from 1 month to 1 year of age. Most deaths from SIDS occur by the end of the sixth month, with the greatest number taking place between 2 and 4 months of age.A SIDS death occurs quickly and is often associated with sleep, with no signs of suffering. More deaths are reported in the fall and winter and there is a 60-to-40-percent male-to-female ratio. A death is diagnosed as SIDS only after all other alternatives have been eliminated: SIDS is a diagnosis of exclusion (Willinger, 1991).Risk factors are those environmental and behavioral influences that can provoke ill health. Any risk factor may be a clue to finding the cause of a disease, but risk factors in and of themselves are not causes. Researchers now know that the mother's health and behavior during her pregnancy and the baby's health before birth seem to influence the occurrence of SIDS, but these variables are not reliable in predicting how, when, why, or if SIDS will occur.Maternal risk during pregnancy, low and poor prenatal care maternal age less than 20 years, history of sexually transmitted diseases, use of illegal drugs, anemia, weight gain, and urinary tract infection have all shown to increase the risk in SIDS. These factors, which often may be subtle and diseases undetected, suggest that SIDS may somehow be associated with a harmful prenatal environment. After birth, there also are numerous risk factors that can significantly influence the chance of SIDS. These include such things as putting a baby face down to bed, lots of bedding (stuffed animals, pillows, etc.), and a soft mattress. By definition, the causes of SIDS are not known. Attempts to explain the sudden and unexpected death of an infant adequately have been difficult since earliest times.Initially, if a baby died suddenly and unexpectedly died in a bed shared with adults, it was thought to be due to an adult rolling on to the infant during sleep. This was called 'over-laying' (Goyco, 1999). Later, it was suggested that babies may have choked on something or that death was caused by prenatal neglect....

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