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The Sufi Philosophy In Islamic Faith

1620 words - 7 pages

The Sufi faith has had a long and rich history in the overall Islamic faith. Sufism has many distinguishing differences in its practices and beliefs from that of the other Islamic sects that we know of today. One thing I personally found interesting is how this particular sect of Islam isn’t as popularly spoken of like the Sunni and Shi'a sects of Islam. Some of the most interesting and distinctive differences in this division of Islam is are wool clothing that the Sufi’s wear along with the most popular practice they are known for, the Whirling Dervishes. Yet these faith has many similarities with many other religions and sects of Islam. Sufism though is a purely ascetic faith that also incorporates several aspects of mysticism. The main goal of Sufism is that of many other monotheistic religions, which is, to be in union with God in the after life.
The Earliest form of Sufism is estimated to have started sometime during the Umayyad Dynasty less than a century after the founding of Islam (“Sufism” 1). Sufism is estimated to have began in 675 CE, and is a Muslim movement where followers seek enlightenment, love, and connection with God through direct encounters with the Creator (“Sufi Origins” 1). Yet some say that Sufism cant be limited to to a particular region and time where it was conceived as a faith, or a particular language or society that it originated from. Many believe that Sufism has always been in one from or another throughout all time (“Practices of Sufism” 1). Sufism has been prominent during its time in history beginning as a acetic faith within Islam (“Sufism” 1). According to Fisher the early Sufis turned to asceticism as a way of deepening their faith and growing closer to God. Sufism is based on internal non-attachment than to completely withdraw form society and being unattached from the world (407). These early Sufis were devout to the Islamic scripture such as the Qur’an and traditions, many of these people dedicated their lives to the principal of tawakkul, which means to have full trust in God (“Sufism” 2). Sufism as it is today is not a uniform system, they have many different trends and schools of thought and differences in what practices they prefer (“Practices of Sufism” 2).
Sufi beliefs are based on the orthodox Islam texts the Qur’an. Their main two beliefs are that one must have absolute faith in God, and that there is no deity other than God. The idea that there is no other deity than God has had some different interpretations over time. Many say that this means that nothing in the physical world exists except for god, or another interpretation is that nature, meaning the physical world, and God are both two parts of the same entity (“Sufism” 2). Sufis traditionally take vows of celibacy and poverty (“Sufi Origins” 2). Sufis feel that the world itself is a book with different symbols and pieces of art from God, and are understood by those who are aware enough to see them. Sufis believe that the path they have...

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