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Suicide And The Leading Causes Essay

801 words - 4 pages

Suicide is an epidemic that has always plagued society. The option to take your own life rather than face the reality of living and the world is an option that many people take each year. 38,364 suicides were reported in 2010 alone (Facts and Figures, 2014). That number made suicide the 10th leading cause of death in the United States (Facts and Figures, 2014). The staggering number of people committing suicide made me wonder what kind of genetic predisposition some people may have to carry out such an act.
People who have relatives who have committed or who have attempted to
commit suicide are 50% more likely to attempt suicide (Zai, 2012). There could
(Figure 1) 10 Leading Causes Of ...view middle of the document...

Another psychiatrist, David Bakish, states that the predisposition to suicide is caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain (Guynup, 2000). Bakish found that an imbalance in the serotonin receptor 5-HT2A caused those with depression to be twice as likely to attempt suicide as those with depression but no mutation to the gene (Gunyup, 2000). This indicates that suicide can and does run in families since the genes are passed from parents to their children. It also confirms to psychiatrists what they have thought for years, that serotonin is a culprit in suicide. “Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that carries messages between brain cells and is thought to be involved in the regulation of emotion, among other functions” (Gunyup, 2000). In the brains of people that have an overabundance of serotonin their cells were making their own serotonin receptors to make up for the lack of serotonin in the patients body.
The next disorder that comes up when talking about suicide is bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder is defined as “A mood disorder sometimes called manic-depressive illness or manic-depression that characteristically involves cycles of depression and elation or mania” (Definition of Bipolar disorder, 2013). Mania is when someone has an unusual amount of energy or are much happier than usual. Bipolar disorder presents itself when the person affected is in their late teens to early 20’s. Although there is a rarer form of this called Early-onset bipolar disorder. When someone is affected by early-onset bipolar disorder...

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