This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Suicide In Older Adults: An Evaluation Of Predisposing Factors And Prevention Programs

2307 words - 9 pages

According to Australian Bureau of Statistics (2005), suicide is the act of intentionally taking one’s own life. This mental health issue is common amongst older adults (Vanderhorst & McLaren, 2005). However, media reports regarding suicide tend to focus on adolescents (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2005). Australian Bureau of Statistics (2005) states adolescents aged 15-19 years had the lowest suicide death rate (9.5 per 100,000); whereas adults aged 30-34 years had the highest suicide rate (27.5 per 100,000). Research indicates that the most successful age group for suicide is older people; one in four suicide attempts result in death (Beeston, 2006). There are factors that predispose older adults to become suicidal, such as; individual, family and community factors. However, there are prevention programs for suicide. Current prevention programs for suicide include different levels of prevention; reducing access to means of suicide; and improving treatment of older people with depression. The effectiveness of these programs will be explored.
An individual factor that predisposes older adults to become suicidal is the mental health of an older adult. An accepted definition of mental health is the level of emotional wellbeing or the absence of a mental disorder (WHO, 2010). Several studies (e.g., Uncapher, Gallagher-Thompson, Osgood & Bongar, 1998; & Neufeld & O’Rourke, 2009) explored the effects of mental health issues in relation to suicide in older adults. These studies found; feeling hopeless, depressed and impulsivity could lead to suicide related ideation. Uncapher, Gallagher-Thompson, Osgood & Bongar (1998) examined suicide related ideation in older adults. Suicidal ideation is a term used in regards to thoughts about suicide, which may include a plan in regards to committing suicide (Uncapher, Gallagher-Thompson, Osgood &Bongar, 1998). Sixty older institutionalised males were divided into two groups; younger psychiatric inpatients (mean age of 69 years) and nursing home patients (mean age of 76 years), participated in a study that examined the relationship between hopelessness, depression and suicidal ideation (Uncapher, Gallagher-Thompson, Osgood & Bongar, 1998). Uncapher, Gallagher-Thompson, Osgood &Bongar (1998) used three scales to rate participants’ levels of depression (The Geriatric Depression Scale), hopelessness (The Geriatric Hopelessness Scale) and suicidal ideation (The Beck Scale of Suicide Ideation). The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) contained a 30 item, true or false scale; which measured symptoms of depression (Abraham, 1991; Trenteseau et al., 1989; Yesavage, Brink, Rose, Lum, Huang, Adey & Leirer, 1983, as cited in Uncapher, Gallagher-Thompson, Osgood & Bongar, 1998). Scores ranged from 0 (no depression) to 30 (severe depression). The Beck Scale of Suicide Ideation (BSS) contained 19 items that measured presence intensity of suicidal ideation (Beck, Steer & Ranieri, 1988, as cited in Uncapher,...

Find Another Essay On Suicide in Older Adults: An Evaluation of Predisposing Factors and Prevention Programs

Dementia in Older Adults Essay

2000 words - 8 pages Introduction This assignment critically discusses about dementia, a widespread disability among older adults today. It provides an introduction to dementia and analyses its prevalence in society. The various forms of dementias are elaborated with description about dysfunctions and symptoms. Nursing Assessment and Interventions are provided in the further sections which discusses about actions nurses should take on while evaluating patients and

Stereotypes in Older Adults Essay

1635 words - 7 pages internalized stereotype and makes them think that because the healthcare professionals think that I have a cognitive impairment means that I actually do. Further, personal care and treatment options may not be explained to the patient in full details which means that they are not able to make an informed decision if at all losing all aspects of autonomy (Levy, 2003). Lastly, obtaining and maintaining a job as a older worker is difficult. With the

Older Adults and Relationship

1575 words - 6 pages showing that they care about what is going on in each others lives (Fowler, 2009). When older adults are coming from a low socioeconomic and low education background, they are more likely to have a stronger emotional bond with their family and less likely to suffer from some sort of chronic illness (Lowenstein et al., 2007). Like mentioned before, when parents are coming from poor health, low education and no recent moves, they are more likely to

Prevention of Suicide in Adolescents

1632 words - 7 pages , the HHS states community members should avoid having lethal means in open access. By doing so, it will also reduce suicidal behaviors since they are not easily obtained. When advising an educator or teacher on what implications to take in preventing suicide in adolescents, first thing, most importantly is to make sure they are aware of the risk factors and signs associated with suicide. The signs are similar to those of depression. It is vital

Evaluation of Vaccination Programs and Quarantine in Australia

1857 words - 7 pages reduction and eradication of numerous diseases. For example Small Pox has been completely eradicated and the polio vaccine lead to an 80% decrease in the number of cases of polio. Similarly 80% of children had been vaccinated against Diphtheria. This establishes the effectiveness of vaccinations as well as the extensive awareness of the programs. Furthermore vaccination is valuable as it prevents the disease before it can actually occur; therefore it is

Behavior Changes in Older Adults

1513 words - 7 pages mentions several ways in which aging brains slow down. Difficulty with multitasking is one of the indications of an aging brain. When people age, multitasking is becomes more difficult for them in two ways: they are unable to focus on multiple objectives and distractions become more difficult to ignore. For example, an aging brain is able to focuses only on driving instead of talking to the passenger at the same time, and is able to read a book

Suicide and Self Harm Prevention In Schools

2510 words - 11 pages objects on hand, substance abuse (“Department” par. 10), and even excessive amounts of tattooing and piercing. In most cases, self harm is not an act of suicide (“Stay” par. 5). People who self harm are not crazy. All he/she needs is help. Risk factors are the triggering factors that could lead to a suicide or to a self harm. There is a vast variety of risk factors that can lead to suicide. Someone who may be struggling with their sexual

The Causes and Prevention of Teen Suicide

570 words - 2 pages ) Teens should be more aware of the causes and preventions of teen suicide. Among college students suicide is the 2nd leading cause of death. Some 1000 college students take their own lives every year. In 2004 congress passed a bill signed into law by Pres. Bush authorizing $82million for programs to help prevent youth suicides.(Kirszner G. Laurie, and Mandell R. Stephen 377) What would make a young person want to take his or her own life? It

Suicide Causes and Prevention

1511 words - 6 pages precautions, and prevention centers and hot lines (Flanders 35). The reasons why people commit suicide is a subject heavily researched (Flanders 35). Once the factors for suicide are isolated, researches can create profiles of potential suicide victims (Flanders 35). Experts agree that a vital component of suicide prevention is public awareness (Flanders 35). Many programs include courses in how to manage problems and stress of life (Flanders 35

Caring for Older Adults in our Society

2239 words - 9 pages There are changes in the demographic as the population grows older, the number of older adult’s increases and thus, there is an increase of proportion of patients that are older adults for nurses to take care of (Wells, Y., Foreman, P., Gething, L., & Petralia, W., 2004). The nurses are there to assist and support the older adults in achieving wellness within their situation through empowering the clients (Touhy, et al (2012). Caring for older

Evaluation of Programs

747 words - 3 pages Evaluation of Programs When an individual begins a new job, they are provided with a job description of their new position. The job description outlines their duties and responsibilities. It is imperative for the new employee to read and understand the expectations of them as they begin their new job. It is no different for a school counselor. The position comes with an outline of expectations and responsibilities that should be met each

Similar Essays

The Factors Of Suicide Prevention Essay

1686 words - 7 pages dying, so some of the suicides are being prevented. The more suicides that are prevented means that the medical care that they are doing is working for the patients. There are a lot of programs for suicidal people that need help or want it. They also say suicide kills twice as many people as aids does each year. Suicides are caused by more than one event in life. Like for example, daily stress, depression, drug and alcohol abuse, and so much more

Hiv/Aids And Adults Fifty And Older: Barriers, Strengths, Prevention, And Recommendations For Change

3959 words - 16 pages rates, in recent decades, increases the likelihood that an increased number of older adults will have multiple sexual partners during their life span escalating their chances of HIV exposure (as cited in Grossman, 1999). Although direct HIV prevention education is crucial for this population, there are some omnipresent ageist attitudes among both program providers and their intended audiences, which can embody barriers to effective education

Causes And Prevention Of Suicide In Adolescents

1277 words - 6 pages psychopharmacological risk factors; the New Oxford American Dictionary defines psychopharmacology as “the branch of psychology concerned with the effects of drugs on the mind and behavior.” Discussion of Prevention Suicide is a rising problem in adolescents and too dangerous and common to ignore. To prevent adolescent suicide from becoming an even bigger problem in the future, it must be taken very seriously. Adolescents with substance abuse problems, suffer

Polypharmacy In Older Adults Essay

1242 words - 5 pages management in older people is not an easy task. We, as nurses, play an important role in the prevention of unnecessary medication. Through complete medication assessments, proper teaching, and effective communication between patient and other healthcare professionals polypharmacy can be reduced and prevented. While medications are vital for bettering the quality of life for many older adults, as nurses we're responsible for making their use less