Suicide And The Predictions Of Suicide

1859 words - 7 pages

Suicide and the Predictions of Suicide

In the first paper I read about hopelessness and eventual suicide,
four authors studied 207 hospitalized patients with suicidal ideation.
There was a follow up period of 5-10 years when these patients were
systematically checked up on to see their status. Fourteen eventually
completed suicide within the follow up period. In the study the
researchers used the Beck Depression Inventory, the Hopelessness
Scale, and the Scale of Suicidal Ideation. The only tools that
eventually predicted the suicides were the Hopelessness Scale and the
pessimism items on the Beck Depression Inventory. This study is to
prove the importance of hopelessness as an indicator of eventual
suicide. Another study proved the extremity of suicidal attempts is
more correlated with hopelessness than depression. Hopelessness seems
to be more correlated with suicide in patients with alcohol and drug
abusers. To run the experiment, researchers administered the self
rating scale and the standardized assessment as soon as the patient
was willing and ready to take them. After being released from the
hospital, the 5-10 year follow up program begin to make certain
whether the patient was alive or dead at each contact. Out of the 207
people in the study, 14 definitely committed suicide. There we not
other differences in their background characteristics. The only
difference was seen in the Hopelessness Scale. This shows the
correlation of hopelessness to eventual suicide among ideation.

The next paper I read is controlled prospective study called Clinical
Predictors of Suicide in Patients with Major Affective Disorders. This
was written by six authors who collected data that shows the
difference between 25 suicide completers and 929 non completers out of
954 patients with Major Affective Disorder. Their follow up period was
about four years. Eight of the suicide occurred within the first 6
months and the other thirteen within a year. Retrospective studies of
suicide have shown that suicide occurs with a diagnosis of a
psychiatric disorder like depression, schizophrenia, or alcoholism.
The authors claim that all except the prospective studies of Beck and
Motto have one problem in common and that is that they do not
recognize the difference between suicide completers and attempters.
Retrospective studies allow for researchers to see the differences
between the two groups and therefore eliminating this problem. The
limitations of these studies are that no "true" control group can be
formed and no description of the psychopathology can be made complete
like prospective studies. In this study the sample was 599 patients
with uni-polar depression, 175 with bipolar type 1 affective disorder,
92 with bipolar type 2 affective disorder, and 88 with schizoaffective
disorder. The number of...

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