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Sumatran Tiger Essay

1777 words - 8 pages

With only an estimated 400 or less of them, left in the wild Sumatran tigers Panthera tigris sumatrae are especially in need of a good and enriching environment to live within Auckland Zoo. Tasking the keepers with not only basic care of them such as feeding and washing, but also keeping the tigers healthy enough physically to breed and conserve the dying species, while also keep them sane within their small and caged environment, to educate the public with the beauty of the animal along with what's happening to them and how to stop or at least try to stop them from being one of the three already extinct subspecies of tiger. This report shows clearly Auckland Zoo's role in the successful ...view middle of the document...

They require a large territory to be able to have a wide variety in selection of prey usually ranging from 1,600sq. miles for the females while males have much larger one which overlap multiple female territories.

A grown tiger has no known animal predators although the cubs are born blind, weak and therefore vulnerable, so may be preyed upon , the only predator to the tiger is the human population, with their poaching of the tiger for their skin, bones, teeth and claws such things are used for medicine, curios, tonics and the skin for rugs. Tigers are also considered a threat to farming communities when they get too close so have gained the label of pest in some communities.

What Does it Feed on?
The Sumatran tiger is a carnivorous animal and in the wild will usually prey on medium to large sized prey. This prey can include, but are not limited to, different breeds of deer, wild boar, wild and domesticated cattle, goats - livestock, gaur (large cattle), with the occasional smaller prey such as monkeys, fish and fowl, With its prey being largely herbivores with the occasional omnivore (wild boar, monkeys and fish - depending on the fish) Tigers can and will eat up to 18kgs worth of meat, not needing to hunt for up to 6 days. At the Zoo the Sumatran tigers will be fed a select range of meat inclusive of horse, goat, pig, and some vitamins. Only eating around 4.5kgs of prepared meat a day.

Food Web
The plants and grasses that the herbivore and omnivore species live on all called the producers as they do not rely on other things to keep them alive, they produce their own food through the process of photosynthesis because of this they are at the bottom of the food web. The Sumatran tiger is a consumer in this food web and is at the top as it has no predators of the animal variety.

What Are Some Adaptations?
With the biggest length being 2.5metres the Sumatran tiger is able to move through dense vegetation rapidly while using its slightly narrower black stripes to blend in with the shadows surrounding them. It's feet are slightly webbed allowing them to be skilled in the area of fast swimming, they possess extremely long whiskers, which helps it navigate the thick vegetation when needed. The Sumatran tiger as well as every other species of tiger does not have ligaments attaching its bones, the two are connected straight to each other, causing them to have very flexible bodies; Their large ears are very sensitive to sound although the distance of which they can hear is not widely known. The back of their ears have a white spot on each and that can make the tigers look imposing and bigger for prey and predators behind them.

The Biophysical Environment of the Sumatran Tiger.
IN THE WILD: A Sumatran tiger lives in habitats such as,low and highland areas, peat swamp forests and mountainous forests. Where dense jungle is almost always available as well as some source of water.

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