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Summary And Desricption Of Macbeth Essay

3450 words - 14 pages

MacbethBy William ShakespeareTragedyElizabethan Age.1. The Author and His TimesWilliam Shakespeare was born on April 23, 1564 in Stratford, England. His father worked selling leather and grains, and was a town official. He was the third child out of eight children. His mother, Mary, came from a family of prosperous farmers and landowners. On November 28, 1582, he married Anne Hathaway. She was the daughter of a farmer near Stratford. He had three children with her, two of them being twins.In the 1590's, Shakespeare went to London and joined a touring theater company. He worked as a lead actor of this company called "The Lord Chamberlain's Men." By the late 1590's Shakespeare had established himself as a writer. In 1599, he founded the Globe Theater with 6 other associates. The new theater was an open playhouse in London. Shakespeare and the other 6 called themselves "The King's Men" starting 1603 with King James I permission. Shakespeare was able to establish himself both as a playwright and a poet during this time. Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616.During Shakespeare's time, most people were very superstitious believing in witches, ghosts, and other supernatural beings. This is reflected in much of the literature from that time, and especially in Macbeth.2. Point of ViewMacbeth is written in the third person objective. The characters do not speak directly to the audience but often give soliloquies. Through the dialogues of the characters, Shakespeare's ideas of fate and free will can be seen. Focus generally follows Macbeth and sometimes other characters that affect Macbeth. The witches occasionally enter the play as a means of foreshadow.3. Form, Structure, and PlotMacbeth is organized into 5 acts. Each act contains several scenes. The play starts with a prologue scene given by the three witches who occasionally appear between major scenes to foreshadow or comment on events. Shakespeare has some offstage action in several points in the story. He uses offstage action for Duncan's murder and Lady Macbeth's death. The single plot is chronological and easy to follow. There are no flashbacks but there are some dream scenes, for example Lady Macbeth's sleepwalking. The attention is generally paid to Macbeth as the focus follows him through the play.Exposition - The exposition is very vague since the characters are introduced throughout the first part of the play. It can be considered that the entire first act is the exposition.Initial incident - The three witches start the play off with a prophecy that Macbeth will become king and that Banquo's children will become kings after Macbeth.Rising action - The rising action is when some of the prophecies are coming true and Lady Macbeth is trying to convince Macbeth to kill Duncan.Crisis / Climax - The climax is the actual murder of Duncan.Falling action - The falling action is all the events occurring after the murder where Macbeth tries to hide his crime and cement his position as king by killing other...

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