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Theories Of Leadership And Management Essay

1294 words - 5 pages

You assign a new employee a task as you run off to a meeting, do your work or to take that precious lunch break. When you get back, you learn that this person has not completed what you have asked of him/her, not because they did not want to, but because they did not know how and did not ask for help. Because of this, time is wasted and now you have to actually do some work yourself. What would be a good way to minimize the likelihood of things like this happening in the future?

For many years, people in positions to lead others have been struggling to find that one leading style that would work the best, but study after study fail to find this miracle style. To be a great and efficient leader, we must utilize multiple styles and adapt to others needs in different situations.

Paul Hersey is a behavioral scientist that is best known for coming up with Situational Leadership. Ken Blanchard is an author and expert in the management field. They are both management experts and argue that situations like this happen due to the fact that those placed in leadership positions do not always match their personal leading styles with the needs of the people they are to lead. Blanchard is best known for his book “The One Minute Manager”, which has sold more than 13 million copies. Together Paul and Ken published “Management of Organization Behavior” currently in its ninth edition. Hersey also wrote “The Ethical Executive” and “Avoiding the Traps of the Unethical Workplace”. In this paper we will discuss the Hersey-Blanchard Leadership Theory and how to utilize it to create the best leadership style for different people and situations.

This theory of leadership was created by Paul Hersey and Ken Blanchard. Both of whom are authors of several other books on management, including the best-selling “One Minute Manager” by Blanchard. Their theory says that a leader should have an arsenal of leadership styles and be able to switch styles as the needs of the followers dictate.

There are four major leadership styles according to Hersey and Blanchard. (1) Telling- Telling someone what to do and how to do something. (2) Selling- Providing information and direction. (3) Participation- Focus more on the relationship, work with the team and allow input on decision making. (4) Delegating- Pass the majority of the work down the chain and monitor the progress of the follower that you have assigned with certain tasks. One of these styles may work in a given situation and make a complete U-turn in another. By assessing the current situation and other variables, such as, the levels of maturity, readiness and competence/commitment of the person or group involved a leader can greatly impact the overall work production. First we will discuss maturity.

These maturity factors that come into play (according to Hersey and Blanchard) are as follows and must receive consideration when determining which style is best to use and with whom? Level 1 is the persons...

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