Muhammad was born in Mecca, in around 570 C.E. Mecca was a great city for trading, and most of Muhammad’s relatives were traders and business people. He belonged to the Banu Hashim clan, a prominent familiy of Mecca, but the clan was not prosperous during Muhammad's early life. He became an orphan at the age of 6 as his father, Abdullah, died before Muhammad was born, and his mother, Amina, died of illness. His grandfather and uncle looked after him during his early years. He later worked as a merchant or a shepherd, and married at the age of 25. Muhammad married a widow named Khadijah and joined her in business. He started off very poor, but then he became a very skilled trader and manager.
Muhammad made it a habit to retreat to a cave in the surrounding mountains and visited to meditate and pray. In 610, at age 40 while he was there, he received a powerful message through the angel Gabriel, from God. He was given advice and guidance in many areas. Three years after this happened, Muhammad started preaching these messages publicly. What he was told is recorded in the Qur’an, which is the Muslim Holy Book. A new religion, called Islam was also revealed to Muhammad.
At first, Muhammad thought he would not make many converts, because several gods were worshipped in Mecca, and the new religion had only one God, Allah. He made some converts, but rulers began to persecute Muslims, so they fled to the city of Medina. This migration marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar and is called the Hijrah. The two cities of Mecca and Medina fought later on, and the Muslims won against the forces of Mecca.
Muslims accept the Qur’an as the exact words of God, in Arabic, so it cannot be changed at all, and every letter is important. The book has 77,934 words! It describes the power of God, commandments and stories with morals. There is also another guide that Muslims turn to for spiritual and...