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Overview Of South Africa Essay

1519 words - 6 pages

South Africa as the name sounds is located at the south side of Africa (CIA). It is about the size of Columbia (CIA). A country that rest between two great oceans, South Atlantic Ocean and Indian Ocean. Being partially surrounded; West, East and South, by water. It is regarded as the 25th largest nation in the world with a population of 48.6 million people (CIA). The average temperature for the country is warm, in the winter it’s dry and sunny, and in the summer it’s wet, rainy. The country is a diversified society that comprises of various cultures and demographics.
Demographics: South Africa has a lot of history as to how they came to be. They were first discovered by a Portuguese explorer Bartholomeu Dias in 1487, the Dutch East Indian group settled in the country with aims of conducting business. The Dutch people sought power and used whatever means necessary to achieve it (Byrnes, pg. 138).
Below is the 2011 census that describes the percentage of citizens in South Africa.

SA's POPULATION: CENSUS 2011
Population group Number % of total
African 41 000 938 79.2%
White 4 586 838 8.9%
Colored 4 615 401 8.9%
Indian/Asian 1 286 930 2.5%
Other 280 454 0.5%
TOTAL 51 770 560 100%
Table 1 www.southafrica.info

South Africa has 11 official languages, of which 6 are used more often; English, Africans, IsiXhosa, IsiZulu, Sepedi, and Sesotho. The English language is often used in business transactions and to make policies. Table 2 displays a better understanding to this spoken languages.

SOUTH AFRICAN LANGUAGES – 2011
Language Number of speakers* % of total
Afrikaans 6 855 082 13.5%
English 4 892 623 9.6%
IsiNdebele 1 090 223 2.1%
IsiXhosa 8 154 258 16%
IsiZulu 11 587 374 22.7%
Sepedi 4 618 576 9.1%
Sesotho 3 849 563 7.6%
Setswana 4 067 248 8%
Sign language 234 655 0.5%
SiSwati 1 297 046 2.5%
Tshivenda 1 209 388 2.4%
Xitsonga 2 277 148 4.5%
Other 828 258 1.6%
TOTAL 50 961 443** 100%
Table 2 www.southafrica.info/about/people/population

South Africa is a religious nation. Of the 52 million people, 36% are Pentecostal, 7% are catholic, and 1.5% are Muslim while the rest are undecided (CIA world fact book). There are no government restrictions. South Africa is a country that is rich in natural resources such as gold, iron ore, diamonds, tin, rare earth minerals, platinum, copper and salt etc. The country also blessed with natural gas like oil and agricultural farms such as corn, wheat, sugar cane, fruits, and vegetables.
In the 18th century the country where visited the foreign settlers, Germans, Dutch, French and Indians who came to the country for business.
The Republic of South Africa is believed to be the only white nation in Africa. The whites referred in this text are Dutch settlers, British, French and Germans. The settlers arrived in the 19th century, when the nation was flourishing with its diamonds and gold mines. They all wanted a piece of the country’s wealth so they turned the natives into slaves and began exploiting them. The...

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