This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Summary Of The Illidad By Homer

1831 words - 8 pages

The Iliad is a poem told by Homer that describes the horror of men and gods alike battling toward the destruction of both sides as it moves to the tragic conclusion of the Trojan War. Robert Fagles using his poetic and scholar skills to perfectly translates the Iliad using Bernard Knox’s introduction and notes. In his translation he sticks to maintain the drive music of Homer’s poetry, and evokes the impact of the Iliad’s repeated phrases. Fagles' translations emphasizes on English idioms and phrasings, but tries to stay as faithful to the original text as possible. Gary Wills from The New Yorker called Fagles “the best living translator of ancient Greek drama, lyric poetry, and epic into modern English.”
The Iliad is a long poem that is composed by a series of books. The narrative begins nine years after the start of the war. Agamemnon and Achilles get into a skirmish about two maidens, Chryseis and Briseis that were captured in a Trojan-allied town. After Apollo releases a plague for not returning Chryseis, Agamemnon goes into a rage and says that he will return Chryseis only if Achilles gives him Briseis. Agamemnon’s demand infuriates and humiliates Achilles. The men argue, and Achilles threatens to withdraw from the battle and take his people, back home to Phthia. That night Achilles prays to his mother, Thetis, to ask Zeus to punish the Achaeans. She promises to ask Zeus about his offer. After twelve days, Thetis makes her appeal to Zeus. Zeus is reluctant to help the Trojans but he finally agrees. The next day Zeus sends a false dream to Agamemnon that he can take Troy if he launches a full-scale assault on the city’s walls. The next day, Agamemnon gathers the troops and prepares for the attack. After that The Trojan army marches from the city gates and advances to meet the Achaeans and battle breaks out. None of the major characters is killed, but Odysseus and Great Ajax kill many minor Trojan figures. The gods also become involved in the war where Athena is helping the Achaeans while Apollo and Ares helps the Trojans. With the help of Apollo and Ares, the Trojans take the upper hand in battle. Hector and Ares prove too strong for the Achaeans to fight. Finally, Hera and Athena appeal to Zeus, giving them permission to fight for the Achaeans. Hera gathers the rest of the Achaean troops, while Athena encourages Diomedes. She jumps in the chariot with him to challenge Ares. The chariot charges Ares, and Diomedes wounds Ares. Ares immediately retreats to Mount Olympus. With the gods absent, the Achaean forces again overwhelm the Trojans, who draw back toward the city. The Trojans anticipate downfall, so Hector goes to Paris and convinces him to join the battle, and the brothers prepare to rejoin the battle. With the return of Hector and Paris the battle Apollo and Athena soon decide to end the battle for the day. Both sides agreed and start to bury their respective dead and make fortifications around their respected camps.
The next day...

Find Another Essay On Summary of The Illidad by Homer

The Odyssey, by Homer Essay

1249 words - 5 pages that he has successfully completed parts of the hero’s journey but fails to complete the last step. Odysseus is successful in completing the first two steps of the hero’s journey and starts off his journey by leaving home. Odysseus leaves his beloved home of Ithaca to fight in the War of Troy and knows that he will not be able to return for a long time. This demonstrates the first phase of the hero’s journey because: “He had traveled far in

The Odyssey by Homer Essay

1618 words - 7 pages As society has progressed, composers have adapted and appropriated the archetypal quest so as to reflect the values of the time’s culture appropriately. This has been a necessary course of action, to ensure their writing conveys the quest and its respective elements in a manner that will be understood by the responder in the relevant time period. The texts ‘The Odyssey (Homer 8th Century BC), In the Shadow of No Towers (Art Spiegelman 2004) and

The Illiad by Homer

1561 words - 6 pages Ships by Christopher Marlowe Classic Famous Poet - All Poetry." All Poetry - Poets Publish in a Free Online Community, Fun Supportive Cash Contests at Allpoetry. Web. 14 Oct. 2011. . (Doctor Faustus name of book) 2) Homer, Robert Fagles, and Bernard MacGregor Walker. Knox. The Iliad. New York: Penguin, 1991. Print.

The Odyssey, by Homer

1511 words - 6 pages The monsters of Homer’s The Odyssey as written by Robert Fitzgerald all share traits in common, but there is always the small differences which make each close encounter more gripping than the last. When the not-so-glorious Odysseus, son of Laertes just manages to elude the cannibalistic clutches of the blinded Kyklops (IX) and takes to the high seas, he becomes arrogant and taunts his nemesis. He does not realize this, but the very words he

"The Odyssey" by Homer

1123 words - 4 pages In the story The Odyssey by Homer, the constant interference of suitors delays Odysseus' return to his home land Ithaka. These suitors represent Odysseus' desires which prevent him from obtaining his prime directive. Desires interfere with the pursuit of identity. There are three types of desires that are shown. Firstly, desire for physical objects which is shown by Odysseus' shipmates; secondly, lustful desire which is shown by Penelope and

"The Odyssey" by Homer

1744 words - 7 pages The story, The Odyssey, was written by Homer and translated to English version by Samuel Butler. The main character in Odyssey was Odysseus, Kind of Ithaca, who after 20 years of wanderings returned home from the Trojan War and a long difficult journey which the powerful gave to him. He found himself recognized only by his faithful dog and a nurse. With the help of his son Telemachus he destroys the importunate suitors of his wife Penelope and

The Odyssey, by Homer

1009 words - 4 pages wouldn’t be able to say no. The hospitality that Circe provides Odysseus with gave him a feeling of security. As determined as Odysseus is to reach home, he is unable to resist the temptation of comfort and warmth that Circe provides because he finds it appealing not having to worry about food or being attacked by some monster. Odysseus and his crew welcomed their stay with Circe because perhaps it reminded him of home back on Ithaca, but in the

The Odyssey by Homer

1415 words - 6 pages expectation every day. If there's still a suitor here who hopes, who aches to marry Penelope, Odysseus's wife, just let him try the bow; he'll see the truth! He'll soon lay siege to another Argive woman trailing her long robes, and shower her with gifts- and then our queen can marry the who offers most, the man marked out by faith to be her husband." These words spoken by Leodes suggest that he knew that none of the suitors

The Odyssey by Homer

1173 words - 5 pages ! if ever any one asks you who put out your ugly eye, tell him your blinder was Odysseus, the conqueror of Rutchena 2 Troy, the son of Laertes, whose address is in Ithaca.,”(Rouse 110) . In this passage, Odysseus is exposing himself to Polyphemus. Polyphemus then curses Odysseus and his crew on the way to their journey home by asking his father Poseidon to sabotage Odysseus’ journey home either by death or suffer many losses and his life in

The Concept of God in The Iliad by Homer

1697 words - 7 pages The Concept of God in The Iliad by Homer The American Heritage Dictionary defines a god as "1. A being conceived as the perfect, omnipotent, omniscient ruler and originator of the universe, the principal object of faith and worship in monotheist religions. 2. A being of supernatural powers, believed in and worshiped by a people."(360) I believe the first definition reflects Modern America's connotation of the word god. The latter definition

The role of women in "The Iliad" by Homer

1119 words - 4 pages perhaps mere mortal women can be equal to men."The Iliad" by homer is one of the greatest epics of history, and every person who reads it, in no matter what language, can get their own message from the timeless text. One of the most prominent, while still being somewhat of an undercurrent, is the message that women are equal to men, and that society's attitude towards women of the time was neither right, nor acceptable, especially in a society with so many goddesses being worshipped. At the time "The Iliad" was written, conditions for women were nowhere near as good as they are now, and Homer would be very pleased to see today's societal attitude towards women

Similar Essays

Ideals Of The Elite In The Illidad And Ther Odyssey By Homer

803 words - 4 pages The document that I chose to write about is The Odyssey by Homer. Homer is believed to have lived during the 8th century B.C.E and was considered the greatest and last of the epic poets in ancient Greece. With the knowledge of writing almost nonexistent due to the fall of the Mycenaean civilization the only thing that kept Greek traditions and culture alive were stories also known as poems shared from one generation to the next. During Homers

The Odyssey Of Homer: Homer Essay

942 words - 4 pages The Odyssey, a Greek legend my Homer, describing a man named Odysseus and his journey to return to his homeland of Ithica after the end of the Trojan Wars and the trials he faced during his excursion. Odysseus, the "man of man wiles", suffered great losses, yet he was able to recover his lands and his family in the end. The central theme, which this epic is based upon, is that strength is a valued characteristic, but intelligence and wit succeed

Character Analysis Of The Odyssey By Homer

680 words - 3 pages The Odyssey was written by Homer and is a Greek Epic Poem. It tells the story of how Odysseus returned from Troy after the Trojan War and his adventures and experiences of the journey. In the book, Odysseus is portrayed as a hero by his actions and how he copes with the challenging situations of his trip. Throughout the nearly 10 years traveling, Odysseus showed responsibility, justice, and wisdom in each one of his trials. Responsibility, an

The Iliad By Homer Essay

1050 words - 5 pages fastening of the greaves linked to the ankles. Homer calls Agamemnon's greaves "beautiful" as apposed to "fair". Beautiful is the word to describe kings and all of their belongings. This word makes the king perfect in everyway. When Homer arrives at the chest of the king he spends much more time describing the corselet of Agamemnon. Homer goes on to say that the corselet was given to the king by Kinyras, a guest of his, before the king left for war