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Overview Of Different Theories Of Motivation

3343 words - 13 pages

Cherry, Kendra. (2013). Theories of Motivation: A closer look at some important theories of motivation.
http://psychology.about.com/od/psychologytopics/tp/theories-of-motivation.htm
The Incentive Theory of Motivation states that people do things, such as work because of the rewards that come with. For example, a child might help his grandmother clean in order to receive cookies. His motivation is the reward of the cookies. In the working world, people get rewarded by other rewards. Some of these rewards are salary, security, and health benefits.

Taylor, F. W. (1964). Shop Management. In Scientific Management (Vol. 1, pp. 17-20).
New York and London: Happy and Brothers Publishers. Retrieved April 17, 2014

This article provides excellent information about Frederick Winslow Taylor’s research on motivation and the science of management. It provides an interesting perspective on motivation through looking at management as a science. Frederick Winslow Taylor believed that naturally, people do not like to perform tasks and work and they need to be pushed. Workers also need to be controlled.

Miner, B. John. (2005). Library of Congress Catalog-In-Publication Data. http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=kUO5NWwaySYC&oi=fnd&pg=PA61&dq=Frederick+Herzberg+motivation+hygiene&ots=UE9CujJmGJ&sig=F1v7olQGCGpeMVdG5AbYF6z6xEM#v=onepage&q&f=false

One very important motivational theorist is Frederick Herzberg. Herzberg developed a motivational approach known as the Motivation Hygiene approach. This approach contains to hypothesis on how people are motivated to work. The Achievement Motivation Theory explains three motives that drive people to work harder. They are achievement, power, and affiliation. The only way an individual can receive any of these accomplishments is through hard work and motivation. McClelland stated that these rewards motivate people.

McGraw-Hills.(2011). Principles of Business Management: A real World Approach.

This text has served to be very valuable. It provides a great deal of background on the idea of motivation as well as incorporates the history and development of these theories, such as the Reinforcement Approach. The Reinforcement Approach was developed by B.F. Skinner. The main idea behind the theory is that the current behavior and actions done by a person, will strongly affect their behavior in the future.

Graham, S., & Weiner, B. (1996). Theories and Principles of Motivation. In Handbook of
Educational Psychology (Vol. 2, pp. 63-66). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates, Inc., Publishers. Retrieved April 23, 2014, from http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=TjDIqrzfYaMC&oi=fnd&pg=PA63&dq=weiner+graham+motivation&ots=AyyPoYOEdH&sig=kzSD9ASx-1SxhEYKR6vE3NOdIXU#v=onepage&q=weiner%20graham%20motivation&f=false

The Handbook of Educational Psychology gives a great look at the developments that have taken place in motivational theory. From contemporary theorists to seminal works, this...

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