This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Sunil Kumar Essay

4486 words - 18 pages

Work-in- progress
Dean Maxwell & Isle Cohen Doctoral Seminar in International Law Hans & Tamar Oppenheimer Chair in Public International Law
Faculty of Law, McGill University
By Dr. Sunil Kumar Agarwal
The effects of international law on the domestic legal order on various countries of the World are
manifold. In countries which follow "monist‟ school, international treaties can be invoked before or applied by the judiciary. These are so-called self-executing treaties. On the other hand,
countries like India follow the "dualist‟ school of law in respect of implementation of international law at domestic level. Therefore, in India, International treaties do not automatically form part of
national law. They must, where appropriate, be incorporated into the legal system by a legislation
made by the Parliament.
Indian Judiciary, though not empowered to make legislations, is free to interpret India‟s obligations under international law into the municipal laws of the country in pronouncing its
decision in a case concerning issues of international law. In this respect, the Indian judiciary has
played a proactive role in implementing India‟s international obligations under International treaties, especially in the field of human rights and environmental law. This paper examines the
role of Indian judiciary in the implementation of International law in India in the context of
relevant constitutional provisions.
Entering into international treaties and agreements is one of the attributes of State
sovereignty. 1 Though International law requires a State to carry out its international
obligations undertaken by it by ratifying international treaties, but it does not govern the
process of incorporating international law into municipal law. In fact, the States follow
The principle of sovereign equality as embodied in the UN Charter is the cornerstone of the international
relations between the States. See Articles 2(1) and 2(2) of the UN Charter; see also R. P. Anand,
"Sovereignty of States in International Law‟, in: R.P. Anand, Confrontation or Cooperation: International Law and the Developing Countries (1987).

different processes of incorporating international law into their domestic legal system,
depending on their constitutional provisions in this respect. Thus, the process of
implementation of international law at national level varies in different countries. The
divergent State practices pertaining to incorporation of international law into municipal
law have been explained by two schools of law - monist and dualist.
India follows the dualist theory for the implementation of international law at
domestic level. 2 International treaties do not automatically become part of national law in
India. It, therefore, requires the legislation to be made by the Parliament for the
implementation of international law in India.
In this...

Find Another Essay On sunil kumar

Marital Relationships, and Cross-Cultural Concerns in Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni's Arranged Marriage

2518 words - 10 pages a handsome boyfriend who can be compared to the Hollywood heroes. One indispensable qualification is he should not be like Indian men back home in Calcutta. This is the world of Meera. Critic Husne Jahan argues that Divakaruni promotes the neo-imperialistic status of America through the characterization of Meera. Meera’s idols are Peck, Eastwood, and Beatty of Hollywood, not Dilip Kumar or Amitab Bachchan of Indian cinema. Also, Richard’s

The Health and Sanitation Crisis in India

1554 words - 6 pages scavengers to load the body into the back of a police van,” note that the body was not handled by proper medical and sanitation personnel, “so that the constables wouldn’t catch diseases that trash-pickers were known to carry” (Boo 153). Another physical impediment inflicted on the slum occurred with the malnutrition of Sunil. He was worried that he was smaller in height than he should be for his age. This lack of nutrition and healthy environment caused

An Evaluation of Composting, Incineration, and Recycling

2306 words - 9 pages with durum wheat.” Paper presented at the 13th International Soil Conservation Organisation Conference, Brisbane, June, 2004. Accessed February 20, 2014. Kumar, Sunil. 2011. “Composting of municipal solid waste.” Critical Reviews in Biotechnology 31 (2):112-136. doi


2965 words - 12 pages for motivation to become an entrepreneur include proper government support and existence, availability of factors of production, encouragement from already established business house and a promising demand for the product in the target market.(Kumar, Poornima, Abraham, Jayashree)Other than the above mentioned factors, there are many other factors that influence a person to become an entrepreneur. Other important motives for becoming an entrepreneur

Celebrity endoresment in india

7786 words - 31 pages recognition, association and emotional unity with the target group. The Santro ad showed the highest recall amongst auto ads, despite average media spends for the category. Reason being simple - star power paid off. Another example was the launch of Tamarind by S. Kumar, they reckoned they spent 40-50 per cent less on media due to the sheer impact of using Hrithik Roshan who was riding on the 'Kaho Na Pyar Hai' wave of Success. Ad recall

Celebrity endoresment in india

7786 words - 31 pages recognition, association and emotional unity with the target group. The Santro ad showed the highest recall amongst auto ads, despite average media spends for the category. Reason being simple - star power paid off. Another example was the launch of Tamarind by S. Kumar, they reckoned they spent 40-50 per cent less on media due to the sheer impact of using Hrithik Roshan who was riding on the 'Kaho Na Pyar Hai' wave of Success. Ad recall

When the Bubble Burst

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

phase diagram

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy

Revolutionary Work of Art

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain

Psychological Egoism Theory

2240 words - 9 pages The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and

Similar Essays

Coparceber´S Right Of Alienation Essay

1511 words - 7 pages relied upon by the High Court of Patna Works Cited Sir Dinshah Fardunji Mulla, Satyajeet A. Desai(ed.), “Hindu Law”, 21st ed., page 369. Sunil Kumar and Anr. v Ram Prakash and Ors., AIR 1988 SC 576, para. 4; Jujhar Singh v Giani Talok Singh, AIR 1987 P&H 34. Mst. Kasturi Adabasia and Ors. v Bishnu Dandasena and Ors., 70 (1990) CLT 335, 1990 (2) OLR 561. (1917) 44 IA 147. AIR 1979 All. 65. AIR 1978 AP 37. Dr. Paras Diwan, “Modern

R&D Spend Review

2680 words - 11 pages : - Bowonder, B.; Yadav, S.; Kumar, B Sunil. Research Technology Management, Sep/Oct2000, R&D Spending Patterns of Global Firms, Vol. 43 Issue 5, p40, 17p, 8 Graphs Critical Summary Trott (2008), Allocation of Funds to R&D. According to Trott, unlike many other business activities successful R&D cannot be managed on an annual budgetary basis and requires a much longer-term approach, enabling knowledge to be acquired and built up over time. Setting

Jess Westerley At Kauflauf Gmb H Essay

1003 words - 4 pages JESS WESTERLEY AT KAUFLAUF GmbHA case analysisSubmitted toProf. Ranjeet NambudiriOrganization Change and DevelopementTerm IVSection A - Group 2Ankita Satija 2012PGP046Kapoor Parth Sunil 2012PGP153Kavya Amarnath 2012PGP163Khurana Sonika Jagmohan 2012PGP167Siddharth Singhal 2012PGP362Sonakshi Behl 2012PGP366Swati Verma 2012PGP395Vivian Paul Gonsalves 2012PGP445Alok Kumar 2012PGPM00222nd June, 2013BackgroundBusiness model:Kauflauf GmbH was founded

Cefuroxime Axetil Essay

1800 words - 7 pages infections using polymers sodium alginate and HPMC K100M (Debendra Kumar Mohapatra et al., 2012). Such multiparticulate systems are circulated throughout the length of GIT releasing the drug at different locations. This will results diminished absorption due to metabolism of drug by intestinal esterases. A cefuroxime axetil effervescent floating tablet formulation has been previously developed using different grades of HPMC and sodium bicarbonate as