manager should be a leader
What is leadership? How is it different from being a manager? How can leaders keep their finger on the pulse of what's happening, inspire others to high achievement, guide their team members through difficult decisions, and still have time to actually finish a cup of coffee while it's still warm? The solution is disarmingly simple: Ask questions. Listen to the answers. Ask some more questions. Give good answers to questions asked by others. Easier said than done.The Relationship of Leadership and Management
In general, the middle of the road viewpoints hold that:
1) although there are many overlaps, leadership and management are different things, involving differing skills, behaviors, and viewpoints;
2) those who use only leadership skills, behaviors, and viewpoints are ineffective in organizations that have significant administrative components;
3) those who use only management skills, behaviors, and viewpoints are ineffective in organizations that have significant human components; and
4) in organizations having both administrative and human components, only those who use an appropriate balance of management and leadership skills, behaviors, and viewpoints can be effective.
As an example, William Wallace (who most of us Anglos know as "Braveheart") would have been completely ineffective leading the Scots to victory over the English if he were to have used only management skills. Conversely, the proprietor of a financial management business would probably relate to her clients well but wouldn't make much money for them if she were to use only leadership skills.
Carter McNamara, MBA, PhD, wrote that leadership is a facet of management. He wrote, "Leadership is just one of the many assets a successful manager must possess. Care must be taken in distinguishing between the two concepts. The main aim of a manager is to maximize the output of the organization through administrative implementation. To achieve this, managers must undertake the following functions:
Leadership is just one important component of the directing function."
If effective management requires us to practice good management skills and effective leadership requires us to practice good leadership skills, and both are needed to do our jobs as SGLs well; then first we need an understanding of what effective management and leadership skills are, and then we must understand how we can combine them to make us successful as SGLs.
Before we examine and evaluate each of these, a few definitions are in order:
Influencing Agent – the person doing the influencing
Target – the person being influenced
Dependent Influence – influence that depends on continued intervention by the influencing agent
Independent Influence – influence that continues without further intervention by the influencing agent
Surveillance – the supervision that the influencing agent exerts on the...