Supreme Court Cases Essay

1211 words - 5 pages

Brown Vs. Board of Ed.Linda Brown and Topeka board of education went to court in 1954 due to the discrimination against the young eight year old girl. The case took place in Topeka, Kansas where the young girl was denied admittance to a school that was much closer to her house just because she was African-American. The school board witch was composed of all white people showed that is was evident that they unlawfully denied this girl into that school based on her skin color.Chief Justice Warren said in his own words 1)"Segregation is a denial of the equal protection of the laws." The courts decision on the case was that of an unanimous vote witch was in Browns favor, the schools board of education was found to be wrong and discriminate. The court held 2) "segregation of white and colored children in public schools has a detrimental effect upon the colored children." The impact of this landmark case involving Brown and the board of education in Topeka, Kansas was that of a revolution all around the country witch also delt with similar problems and cases. Many children (more specifically black children) were admitted to the school of their choose without any flack now because of this case. The decision of the case reversed the "separate but equal" doctrine.Plessy Vs. Ferguson In the supreme court case Plessy versus Ferguson the two main litigants involved were the defendant Homer Adolph Plessy and Judge Ferguson. This case took place in Louisiana in the year of 1896. Returning home by rail from New Orleans to Baton Rouge, Homer Adolph Plessy was asked by railroad officials to sit in the segregated area of the train, he refused and was arrested. Plessy then petitioned the Louisiana court for a writ against Ferguson who was the trial court judge. He did this to stop the proceedings against him.The person who delivered the opinion of the court justice Henry B. Brown. The court held a seven to one decision in a majority opinion that was in favor of the Louisiana law requiring segregation. Brown said that 3) " the state statute is not a violation of the 14th amendment. This amendment was not intended to give Negro's social equality but only political and civil equality with white people". The court declared the Louisiana law 4) " A reasonable exercise of police power. It is an enacted to the promotion of public good".Ex Parte Milligan The litigants involved in the case were Lambdin P. Milligan and the United Sates. He was arrested and accused of being a traitor and conspiring against the United States and 5) "giving aid and comfort to its enemies"- the South or confederacy. This occurred in 1864 Indiana during the civil war. General Hovey accused him and he was sentenced to death by hanging.There was no real factual proof presented of any kind to prove Milligan was any kind of traitor. There was only speculation and a General in the army that had any doubts about his loyalty to the side he was on.The person who delivered the opinion of the court was...

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