This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Supreme Court Cases Who's Decisions Have Greatly Impacted Society. (Veronia Vs. Acton (1995), Planned Parenthood Vs. Casey (1992), Lee Vs. Weisman (1991), And United States Vs. Lopez (1995).

1011 words - 4 pages

The Supreme Court of the United States is at the apex of the United States judicial system. Ever since its creation, it has affirmed and interpreted the facts within the Constitution. The Court's decisions have greatly affected society. Four major cases which have had cataclysmic effects on society are Veronia vs. Acton (1995), Planned Parenthood vs. Casey (1992), Lee vs. Weisman (1991), and United States vs. Lopez (1995).The case of Veronia vs. Acton dealt with the issues of search and seizure, and student's rights. During the 1980s, drug use was rampant. Many people believed that athletes were deeply involved in the drug culture and that this involvement increased risk for sports injuries. The school district responded, at first, with classes about drugs, guest speakers, and special presentations. After these efforts failed the school district established a policy that called for a student-athlete to sign a form consenting to drug testing before the start of the season. If a student failed the test the first time, he/she would take it again to confirm the result. If the second test was positive, the athlete's parents were notified, and they had to meet with the principal. The student had the option of entering a drug program for six weeks and giving a weekly urine sample, or being suspended for the remainder of the current season and next season. The respondent Wayne Acton, entering as a 7th grader, refused to sign a consent form to allow him to be subjected to a drug test. The parents filed a suit seeking declaratory and injunctive relief on the grounds that the policy violated the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments of the U.S. Constitution as well as in the Oregon Constitution. The district court entered an order denying the claims on the merits and dismissing the action. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the claimed the policy violated the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments, however the Supreme Court reversed the decision. The Court granted that the policy did not violate the Fourth Amendment. The Court found that the policy was reasonable, stating that since the school has responsibility to watch and take care of the children while at school, children have a lesser privacy expectation with regard to medical exams and other medical processes than the general public. Also, the Court stated that the drug test was conducted so that it was not intrusive and restricted the privacy of the students. Finally, the court found that the school had an interest in protecting athletes and students from the effects of drug use.In the case of Planned Parenthood vs. Casey, the issue is the provisions of the Pennsylvania Abortion Control Act of 1982 which requires that a woman seeking an abortion give her informed consent prior to the procedure, and specifies that she be provided with certain information at least 24 hours before the abortion is performed; mandates the informed consent of one parent for a minor to obtain an abortion, but provides a judicial bypass...

Find Another Essay On Supreme Court cases who's decisions have greatly impacted society. (Veronia vs. Acton (1995), Planned Parenthood vs. Casey (1992), Lee vs. Weisman (1991), and United States vs. Lopez (1995).

Supreme Court Cases - Marbury vs Madison

649 words - 3 pages violated the Judiciary Act of 1789 and Marshall urged the court to find the writ of mandamus unconstitutional and instead replace it with judicial review.In this case, there is no minority opinion within the legal bounds of the court, although there are several opinions outside of court. Many believed that Marbury should have received his commission due to the fact that he was assigned by the previous president. If Marshall has delivered the

Nixon vs. The United States of America. Explains all aspects of the case and the reasons why the Supreme court decided as they did

714 words - 3 pages Supreme Court justices ruled in a unanimous 8-0 vote against him.ReasoningThe court conceded that a president could withhold national security material but insisted that Watergate was a criminal matter. On July 27-30, the House Judiciary Committee recommended that Nixon be impeached on three charges: obstruction of justice, abuse of presidential power, and trying to impede the impeachment process by defying committee subpoenas but rejected the charges

Planned Parenthood of PA v. Casey

1975 words - 8 pages receive all of this? Would she be denied her right to get an abortion? The Supreme Court case, Planned Parenthood of PA v. Casey, wasn’t known for what it did, but mainly for what it did not do, which was not overruling Roe v. Wade, but reaffirming a woman’s right to an abortion; it questioned a state’s right to impose or place an “undue burden” on women. Planned Parenthood of PA v. Casey was argued on April 22, 1992 and the official decision

The United States Supreme Court

670 words - 3 pages . The Supreme Court of the United States is unique because it serves two functions, as such it is the highest court in the land and a policy making body.The Supreme Court is primarily a court of appeals. Cases generally reach the Court either from the lower federal courts or from the state supreme courts. There are three possible routes by which a case may come to the Supreme Court. A lower federal court may send up a question of law for

The United States Supreme Court

1975 words - 8 pages THE UNITED STATESSUPREMECOURTI've chosen to research on the Supreme Court and it's Justices. This seemed like an interesting topic to me, because someday I want to be a part of the legal system.The Supreme Court of the United States, composed of a chief justice and eight associate justices, is at the apex of the U.S. judicial system. Provisions for the making of the Supreme Court were made in Article III of the U.S. Constitution. In addition to

Supreme Court Cases

1211 words - 5 pages landmark case involving Brown and the board of education in Topeka, Kansas was that of a revolution all around the country witch also delt with similar problems and cases. Many children (more specifically black children) were admitted to the school of their choose without any flack now because of this case. The decision of the case reversed the "separate but equal" doctrine.Plessy Vs. Ferguson In the supreme court case Plessy versus Ferguson the

Landmark Supreme Court Cases

1789 words - 8 pages London facility and the Fort Trumbull area was never developed and now stands empty except for the debris dumped there following the cleanup from Hurricane Sandy. United States v. Lopez is a case heard before the Supreme Court involving the constitutionality of a Congressional act under the Commerce Clause. Alphonso Lopez, Jr. was a high school senior in San Antonio, Texas when he was caught in possession of a concealed handgun at school. The

Landmark Supreme Court Decisions

929 words - 4 pages . District Court of St. Louis. Despite claiming that their 1st and 14th Amendment rights had been violated, the Court found no violations. After taking the case to the United States Court of Appeals, their case was taken to United States Supreme Court. The Supreme Court, however, also upheld the principal's actions finding no violation of their rights. They said that because the newspaper was run by school officials, that it could be controlled by

Currency crises - 3 case studies: Europe Exchange Rate Mechanism (1992), Asia (1995) and Argentina (2002)

1766 words - 7 pages only two (?) days of higher interest rates the Bank of England abandoned the fixed parity.Third, retrospectives on the ERM crises turn up a surprising fact: the crises seem to have been virtually unanticipated by the financial markets. Rose and Svensson (1994) show that interest differentials against the target currencies did not begin to widen until August 1992 - a month before the breakup.Finally, a remarkable fact about the ERM crises is that

Ten Supreme Court Decisions that Impacted the Reproduction Rights of Women

1456 words - 6 pages Ten Supreme Court Decisions that Impacted the Reproduction Rights of Women When talking about Supreme Court decisions that have greatly impacted the lives of women it is very hard to settle on just five of the many cases that have been ruled in favor of the rights of women. When discussing the topic of reproductive freedom and The Supreme Courts rulings on these matters ten cases can and must be discussed in order to provide a total

The Right to Appointed Counsel in Decisions of the United States Supreme Court prior to Miranda v. Arizona (1966)

1804 words - 7 pages . New York, NY: Pantheon. Urofsky M.I. (2001). The Warren Court. Justices, rulings, and legacy. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. Vile J.R. (2010). Essential Supreme Court decisions. Summaries of leading cases in U.S. Constitutional law. New York, NY: Rowman & Littlefield publishers, INC. Table of cases Powell v. Alabama, 287 U.S. 45 (1932) Johnson v. Zerbst, 304 U.S. 458 (1938) Betts v. Brady, 316 U.S. 455 (1942) Hamilton v. Alabama, 368 U.S. 52 (1961) Gideon v. Wainwright, 372 U.S. 335 (1963) Massiah v. United States, 377 U.S. 201 (1964) Escobedo v. Illinois, 378 U.S. 478 (1964) Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436 (1966)

Similar Essays

Jacobson Vs. United States Supreme Court

801 words - 4 pages ones who oppose the indictment, their decision was made with the design that Keith Jacobson was the unwary citizen. Who also believe that Jacobson may have not even ordered the illegal material if he was not exposed to the opportunity as often as the fabricated mailings were received at Jacobson's residence.Due to the Supreme Court hearing taking effect in the early nineties, the idea of a homosexual was not nearly as open or accepted in society as

Supreme Court Cases Dred Scott Vs Sanford

574 words - 2 pages Dred Scott v. Sanford is a popular case in United States History. It set precedence for the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments, the amendments that solely relates to African Americans. Dred Scott, a slave in 1857 declared his right to be free under the Supreme Court. In 1839 Scott and his master moved to Missouri, which was a slave state. Four years later, a U.S. army surgeon named Dr. John Emerson bought Scott and moved him into the free state of

Supreme Court Cases Mc Culloch Vs Madison

572 words - 2 pages issue was then brought to the Supreme Court.Led by Chief Justice Marshall, The Supreme Court ruled that the Constitution allowed Congress to establish the National Bank. The Court also asserted that the Constitution did not allow a state to tax the bank. If the states could tax one of the federal government's activities, they could tax any of them. Marshall said that "the power to tax involves the power to destroy," and this could not be permitted

Supreme Court Cases Gibbons Vs. Ogden

548 words - 2 pages "to regulate commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States." He stated that if each state made laws regarding interstate commerce then there would be chaos in the conflicting arguments between each adjacent states.Ogden was upset about the competition and asked the Court of Chancery of New York to stop Gibbons from operating his boats. Ogden said that New York should have control over this interstate waterway and not the federal