Supreme Court Justices Essay

1257 words - 6 pages

The first justice we are going to start with goes by the name of Henry Billings Brown. Henry Billings Brown was born on March 2, 1836, in South Lee, Massachusetts. He studied at Yale College graduating in 1856 and then by him self for a year. He then started reading law in Ellington, Connecticut. Brown then decided to go further in his study at Yale moreover starting studies at Harvard. He moved to Detroit in 1859 after he turned the age 23.
Brown was admitted to the bar after he moved there. He decided to start practicing maritime law. Not even after the first year of his practices he was made Deputy United States Marshal in Detroit, Michigan. Three years later is when his Assistant U.S. Attorney career began in Detroit for the Eastern District. After being nominated to the U.S. District Court for 14 years he was nominated to the Supreme Court of the United States by Benjamin Harrison who was president at the time.
The nomination took place on December 23, 1890. Brown was part of the Associate Justice. Brown retired on May 28, 1906. He later died on September 4, 1913, at the age of 77. Brown was in a couple major cases but I chose the three that I thought were important. The ones that I chose were Plessy v. Ferguson, Brown v. Board of Education Of Topeka, and DeLima v. Bidwell.
Plessy v. Ferguson case was about a black man named Homer Adolph Plessy. Plessy was one-eighth black and seven-eights white. One day he bought a railway ticket in Louisiana and sat down in the whites only car. When Plessy was asked to move he refused to move to the colored section he was forcibly removed from the train and imprisoned. Plessy was guilty for criminally violating an act of assembly which went into play July 10, 1890.
Plessy refused to admit that he was in any proportion of a colored man. Plessy’s case ended with seven votes for Ferguson who was the judge of the criminal district court of Orleans.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka began May 17, 1954. This case starts off with 4 Negro children who were denied admission to a white’s only school in December 1952. It went against the plaintiffs of the Fourteenth Amendment where laws state equal protect for everyone no matter their race. The case was reargued December 7-9, 1953 and was decided on May 17, 1954. The case ended with 9 votes for Brown and 0 for the Board of Education.
The DeLima v. Bidwell case was argued January 8 through the 11, 1901 and was decided May 27, 1901. This case was started when the DeLima Sugar Importing Company sued The Port Of New York City. DeLima Sugar Importing Company said that they have no right to collect duties because Puerto Rico was ceded to the United States after 1899. This reason is because Puerto Rico was invaded July 1898 by the United States Military. A demurrer was put on both but the action was dismissed because of a writ of error. The issue was to see that if foreign territories taken over by the U.S. still go by the foreign country tariff laws. Puerto...

Find Another Essay On Supreme Court Justices

supreme court history Essay

803 words - 3 pages In 1789, the final draft of the constitution of the United States came into effect. In article three it calls for "[t]he judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish." In the article it neither says the duties, powers, or any organization of the supreme court. If left this up to congress and to the justices of the court

US Supreme Court Essay

599 words - 2 pages The U.S. Supreme Court decides many important cases a year. It is one of the most important aspects of the U.S. Government. In this Memo I plan to give you an insight on the U.S. Supreme court and how it works as a whole. Through doing this I will briefly describe how the supreme court works, and just some general information about the Supreme Court. I will also give you information on the 9 Supreme Court justices, the President who appointed

A Look at Justice’s Voting Behavior

1657 words - 7 pages The United States’ Supreme Court is responsible for making some of the toughest and most influential decisions in the country each and every day. Very often, their decisions affect the many citizens of the nation, whether they are minor, or major. The Supreme Court makes many rulings each year, and many people do not even pay attention to the Court’s decisions. The majority of the population does not even think to question why the Justices

State Comparison

665 words - 3 pages The Oregon courts system is divided up of seven different court levels. The top court is the supreme court that consists of seven justices. The courts that is the next step down is the Courts of Appeals that consists of 10 judges. The next level down begins to differ from quite a few states. In this level there are two divisions. There is a tax court that consists of 1 judge and 6 magistrates. The next division is the circuit court that contains

The Judicial Branch and its Supreme Court History

1301 words - 5 pages its powers based on its Jurisdiction. It allowed the court to process certain cases from the lower courts.In its early years, the Supreme Court was not a favorite among the people. Many believed that it was no an important part of government so, its policies were not respected. The U.S first Supreme Court was established on February 1, 1970. Its original members consisted of six appointed Justices whose name are: John Jay of New York, John Rutledge

Supreme Court Justice Nominations

700 words - 3 pages Supreme Court Justice Nominations      According to Floyd G. Cullop, The Supreme Court is responsible for “interpreting a federal, state, and local law and deciding whether or not it is constitutional,” making The Supreme Court of the United States perhaps the most powerful branch of the Federal Government. Although the Supreme Court does not make the laws, the justices do review the laws and decide if they are

report

1420 words - 6 pages “The Nine: Inside the Secret World of the Supreme Court is a book written by Jeffrey Toobin. Jeffrey Toobin is a staff writer for the New Yorker, as well as, a CNN senior legal analyst. “The Nine” starts in the Reagan and ends in 2007. Toobin discusses all the major cases that the Supreme Court made a ruling on during that time period. He also talks about each of the Justices, their personalities and how they came to make the decisions they

The United States Supreme Court

670 words - 3 pages the law is constitutional or not.The Supreme Court of the United States, composed of a chief justice and eight associate justices, is at the apex of the U.S. judicial system. Provisions for the making of the Supreme Court were made in Article III of the U.S. Constitution. Justices are appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate. The Constitution does not stipulate the size of the Court, leaving that determination to congressional statute

John Marshall and the Supreme Court

843 words - 3 pages justices of the Supreme Court together through his intelligent speeches and persuasive manner. Marshall's persuasive manner contributed to convincing the justices that writing one opinion instead of each justice writing his own would be more effective. "This custom gave the judicial pronouncements a forceful unity they had formerly lacked" (McCloskey 25). This change allowed Marshall to write the majority of the opinions. Out of 1006

The Brethren: Inside the Supreme Court

1455 words - 6 pages The Brethren – Inside the Supreme Court: Book Review The Brethren, co-authored by Bob Woodward and Scott Armstrong, is an in-depth documentary of the United States Supreme Court from 1969 to 1975, under the leadership of Warren Burger. The book attempts to present the reader with what "really" goes on in the Supreme Court. It describes the conferences, the personality of justices, and how justice's feel toward each other, items which are

Bush Versus Gore

791 words - 4 pages The U.S Supreme Court’s decision in Bush vs Gore, which effectively awarded the presidency to George Bush, was widely foreseen to diminish public respect for the U.S. Supreme Court. The Courts speaking of itself into a political disagreement and the perfect connection between the Justices votes and their supposed one-sided commitments raised widespread accusations that the Court had reduced a deliberately political decision. The willingness of

Similar Essays

Unelected Supreme Court Justices Essay

1112 words - 4 pages Government officials serving in the Judiciary branch hold incredible power, not only due to judicial review, but also because they are insulated from the American people. Supreme Court Justices are unelected and hold lifelong terms in office. Officials that are appointed by the President or a party usually have that person or party’s interests in mind. This action is not democratic because it allows the Judicial Bench to be stacked with a

Electing Supreme Court Justices Essay

1316 words - 5 pages There is a proverb that says, “Don’t fix what isn’t broke.” This statement is very likely as true as it is old. But what happens when something is dysfunctional? The ‘something’ in question is the coveted seat of the Supreme Court Justice, which many should know is not a position that is obtained from the amazingly widespread routine of elections. Not to let out any spoilers if you were not aware, the President is the nominator of Justices to

Supreme Court Justices Essay

1793 words - 7 pages appointed him to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit. Kennedy, who is considered to be a conservative, was nominated to the Supreme Court by President Ronald Reagan in 1987 and confirmed by the Senate in February 1988.O'Connor, Sandra Day, born in 1930, associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States since 1981 and the first woman to serve on the Court. She became one of the most influential justices, often holding the balance of

Supreme Court Justices: Sonia Sotomayor Essay

1874 words - 8 pages The Supreme Court rules over the most pressing and landmark cases in United States Judicial system. The judges that decide the outcomes of these cases are called Supreme Court Justices. Many of them have impressive backgrounds in law and are nominated because of the assets they bring to the court. Sonia Sotomayor is a judge that resides in this part of our judicial system. She has been for about 5 years now and will continue as such. She has