The first justice we are going to start with goes by the name of Henry Billings Brown. Henry Billings Brown was born on March 2, 1836, in South Lee, Massachusetts. He studied at Yale College graduating in 1856 and then by him self for a year. He then started reading law in Ellington, Connecticut. Brown then decided to go further in his study at Yale moreover starting studies at Harvard. He moved to Detroit in 1859 after he turned the age 23.
Brown was admitted to the bar after he moved there. He decided to start practicing maritime law. Not even after the first year of his practices he was made Deputy United States Marshal in Detroit, Michigan. Three years later is when his Assistant U.S. Attorney career began in Detroit for the Eastern District. After being nominated to the U.S. District Court for 14 years he was nominated to the Supreme Court of the United States by Benjamin Harrison who was president at the time.
The nomination took place on December 23, 1890. Brown was part of the Associate Justice. Brown retired on May 28, 1906. He later died on September 4, 1913, at the age of 77. Brown was in a couple major cases but I chose the three that I thought were important. The ones that I chose were Plessy v. Ferguson, Brown v. Board of Education Of Topeka, and DeLima v. Bidwell.
Plessy v. Ferguson case was about a black man named Homer Adolph Plessy. Plessy was one-eighth black and seven-eights white. One day he bought a railway ticket in Louisiana and sat down in the whites only car. When Plessy was asked to move he refused to move to the colored section he was forcibly removed from the train and imprisoned. Plessy was guilty for criminally violating an act of assembly which went into play July 10, 1890.
Plessy refused to admit that he was in any proportion of a colored man. Plessy’s case ended with seven votes for Ferguson who was the judge of the criminal district court of Orleans.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka began May 17, 1954. This case starts off with 4 Negro children who were denied admission to a white’s only school in December 1952. It went against the plaintiffs of the Fourteenth Amendment where laws state equal protect for everyone no matter their race. The case was reargued December 7-9, 1953 and was decided on May 17, 1954. The case ended with 9 votes for Brown and 0 for the Board of Education.
The DeLima v. Bidwell case was argued January 8 through the 11, 1901 and was decided May 27, 1901. This case was started when the DeLima Sugar Importing Company sued The Port Of New York City. DeLima Sugar Importing Company said that they have no right to collect duties because Puerto Rico was ceded to the United States after 1899. This reason is because Puerto Rico was invaded July 1898 by the United States Military. A demurrer was put on both but the action was dismissed because of a writ of error. The issue was to see that if foreign territories taken over by the U.S. still go by the foreign country tariff laws. Puerto...