Supreme Court Justices Essay

1793 words - 7 pages

Ginsburg, Ruth Bader, born in 1933, American jurist and professor of law, associate justice of the United States Supreme Court, who has worked toward ending institutionalized discrimination against women. She was born in Brooklyn, New York, on March 15, 1933. She attended Cornell University and the law schools at Harvard and Columbia universities. Despite graduating from Columbia at the top of her class, she encountered difficulties in finding a job in a traditionally male profession. In 1959 she secured a clerkship for the U.S. District Court of Appeals in New York. Ginsburg taught at Rutgers University School of Law from 1963 to 1972, the year she returned to Columbia Law School and became the first tenured female professor at that institution.Ginsburg attracted notice in the 1970s for her teachings and litigation aimed at ending institutionalized discrimination against women. Between 1973 and 1976 she argued six cases on women's rights before the Supreme Court, winning five of them. Ginsburg received an appointment to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in 1980. On the Court of Appeals she was known for her scholarly, balanced opinions. As a moderate-liberal, Ginsburg sided with both liberal and conservative wings of the court.President Bill Clinton nominated Ginsburg to the U.S. Supreme Court in 1993. Ginsburg became the second woman appointed to the Supreme Court, after Sandra Day O'Connor, who was nominated in 1981.Souter, David H., American jurist, associate justice of the United States Supreme Court. (1939- Born in Melrose, Massachusetts, he studied for two years as a Rhodes scholar at Magdalen College, Oxford, before returning to Harvard University to take his law degree. After two years in private practice in New Hampshire he entered public service, eventually becoming the state's attorney general (1976-78). Named to the state trial court in 1978, he was elevated to the state supreme court in 1983. He served for two months in 1990 as a judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 1st Circuit. In July of that year, Souter was nominated by President George Bush to the Supreme Court and confirmed by the Senate in October.Thomas, Clarence, born in 1948, American jurist, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Born in Savannah, Georgia, he earned an A.B. degree from Holy Cross College and the J.D. from Yale Law School before taking a job as assistant attorney general of Missouri (1974-1977). As assistant secretary for civil rights in the U.S. Department of Education (1981-1982) and chairman of the federal Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (1982-1989) he earned a reputation as an outspoken black conservative who opposed minority preference programs. He was appointed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia in 1989, and nominated by President George Bush to the Supreme Court in July 1991, replacing the retiring Justice Thurgood Marshall. Thomas's already controversial confirmation...

Find Another Essay On Supreme Court Justices

A Look at Justice’s Voting Behavior

1657 words - 7 pages The United States’ Supreme Court is responsible for making some of the toughest and most influential decisions in the country each and every day. Very often, their decisions affect the many citizens of the nation, whether they are minor, or major. The Supreme Court makes many rulings each year, and many people do not even pay attention to the Court’s decisions. The majority of the population does not even think to question why the Justices

State Comparison Essay

665 words - 3 pages The Oregon courts system is divided up of seven different court levels. The top court is the supreme court that consists of seven justices. The courts that is the next step down is the Courts of Appeals that consists of 10 judges. The next level down begins to differ from quite a few states. In this level there are two divisions. There is a tax court that consists of 1 judge and 6 magistrates. The next division is the circuit court that contains

The Judicial Branch and its Supreme Court History.

1301 words - 5 pages its powers based on its Jurisdiction. It allowed the court to process certain cases from the lower courts.In its early years, the Supreme Court was not a favorite among the people. Many believed that it was no an important part of government so, its policies were not respected. The U.S first Supreme Court was established on February 1, 1970. Its original members consisted of six appointed Justices whose name are: John Jay of New York, John Rutledge

Supreme Court Justice Nominations

700 words - 3 pages Supreme Court Justice Nominations      According to Floyd G. Cullop, The Supreme Court is responsible for “interpreting a federal, state, and local law and deciding whether or not it is constitutional,” making The Supreme Court of the United States perhaps the most powerful branch of the Federal Government. Although the Supreme Court does not make the laws, the justices do review the laws and decide if they are

report

1420 words - 6 pages “The Nine: Inside the Secret World of the Supreme Court is a book written by Jeffrey Toobin. Jeffrey Toobin is a staff writer for the New Yorker, as well as, a CNN senior legal analyst. “The Nine” starts in the Reagan and ends in 2007. Toobin discusses all the major cases that the Supreme Court made a ruling on during that time period. He also talks about each of the Justices, their personalities and how they came to make the decisions they

The United States Supreme Court

670 words - 3 pages the law is constitutional or not.The Supreme Court of the United States, composed of a chief justice and eight associate justices, is at the apex of the U.S. judicial system. Provisions for the making of the Supreme Court were made in Article III of the U.S. Constitution. Justices are appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate. The Constitution does not stipulate the size of the Court, leaving that determination to congressional statute

John Marshall and the Supreme Court

843 words - 3 pages justices of the Supreme Court together through his intelligent speeches and persuasive manner. Marshall's persuasive manner contributed to convincing the justices that writing one opinion instead of each justice writing his own would be more effective. "This custom gave the judicial pronouncements a forceful unity they had formerly lacked" (McCloskey 25). This change allowed Marshall to write the majority of the opinions. Out of 1006

The Brethren: Inside the Supreme Court

1455 words - 6 pages The Brethren – Inside the Supreme Court: Book Review The Brethren, co-authored by Bob Woodward and Scott Armstrong, is an in-depth documentary of the United States Supreme Court from 1969 to 1975, under the leadership of Warren Burger. The book attempts to present the reader with what "really" goes on in the Supreme Court. It describes the conferences, the personality of justices, and how justice's feel toward each other, items which are

Bush Versus Gore

791 words - 4 pages The U.S Supreme Court’s decision in Bush vs Gore, which effectively awarded the presidency to George Bush, was widely foreseen to diminish public respect for the U.S. Supreme Court. The Courts speaking of itself into a political disagreement and the perfect connection between the Justices votes and their supposed one-sided commitments raised widespread accusations that the Court had reduced a deliberately political decision. The willingness of

Seperate But Equal

567 words - 2 pages successful. They took the South Carolina case all the way to the Supreme Court with hopes to end segregation. When the government spends $179 on every white student and only $43 on every black student, clearly these numbers show inequality. The schools were separate but not equal and it is almost impossible to have something that is both separate and equal.The way the Supreme Court makes decisions is by majority. All the justices had different

Seperate But Equal

567 words - 2 pages successful. They took the South Carolina case all the way to the Supreme Court with hopes to end segregation. When the government spends $179 on every white student and only $43 on every black student, clearly these numbers show inequality. The schools were separate but not equal and it is almost impossible to have something that is both separate and equal.The way the Supreme Court makes decisions is by majority. All the justices had different

Similar Essays

Unelected Supreme Court Justices Essay

1112 words - 4 pages Government officials serving in the Judiciary branch hold incredible power, not only due to judicial review, but also because they are insulated from the American people. Supreme Court Justices are unelected and hold lifelong terms in office. Officials that are appointed by the President or a party usually have that person or party’s interests in mind. This action is not democratic because it allows the Judicial Bench to be stacked with a

Electing Supreme Court Justices Essay

1316 words - 5 pages There is a proverb that says, “Don’t fix what isn’t broke.” This statement is very likely as true as it is old. But what happens when something is dysfunctional? The ‘something’ in question is the coveted seat of the Supreme Court Justice, which many should know is not a position that is obtained from the amazingly widespread routine of elections. Not to let out any spoilers if you were not aware, the President is the nominator of Justices to

Supreme Court History Essay

803 words - 3 pages In 1789, the final draft of the constitution of the United States came into effect. In article three it calls for "[t]he judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish." In the article it neither says the duties, powers, or any organization of the supreme court. If left this up to congress and to the justices of the court

Us Supreme Court Essay

599 words - 2 pages The U.S. Supreme Court decides many important cases a year. It is one of the most important aspects of the U.S. Government. In this Memo I plan to give you an insight on the U.S. Supreme court and how it works as a whole. Through doing this I will briefly describe how the supreme court works, and just some general information about the Supreme Court. I will also give you information on the 9 Supreme Court justices, the President who appointed