Surgical Treatment Of Obesity Essay

691 words - 3 pages

A rising health epidemic that America is currently facing today is obesity. This is becoming very wide spread among all races and class levels due in part to the abundance of inexpensive food available, most notably, fast food restraints . There are literally thousands of diet books available but due to the extreme will power many of these programs demand, more and more people are turning to weight loss surgery as a final solution. The most popular procedures being Gastric Bypass, and Lap Band surgery. Although these are now fairly common procedures with a high rate of success there are also many differences that one should consider when choosing which would be a better fit for themselves . Three of the biggest differences would be how the actual operation affects the stomach anatomy, the lifestyle and changed eating habits required after the surgery, and also the weight loss expected by both surgeries .
The Lap Band surgery is also known in the medical community as a restrictive procedure, meaning the physical anatomy of the intestine and stomach is not changed at all. However there is a silicone ring put around the top of the stomach that has an inflatable tubing on the inside, and this can be filled with saline to make it harder for food to enter the stomach thus creating a sensation of being full, without consuming very much food. This surgery is reversible if the patient chooses to for whatever reason they might have. On the other hand Gastric Bypass surgery involves the stomach to be removed and put aside while the lower intestine is brought up to the bottom of the esophagus and a new 1oz pouch is created which will now be the new stomach. The patient can now only fit a very small amount into their stomach , however if for any reason, the patient is unsatisfied with the results this surgery is not reversible.
Both surgeries...

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