Surrealism, who has not heard this word nowadays? World of the dreams and everything that is irrational, impossible or grotesque, a cultural movement founded immediately after the First World War which is continued and practiced until today. To understand it better it is necessary to look deeper into the work of two outstanding artists strongly connected with this movement, people for whom this style was a part of their lives.
This essay's primary objective is to look closer and compare Desk Suit 1936 by Elsa Schiaparelli to Anthropomorphic Chest of Drawers, 1936 by Salvador Dali. These two pieces of art although so different, have a lot in common. To find out more and explore the world of surrealism, it will be worth studying and reviewing each art work based on the information found in several books about Salvador Dali and Elsa Schiaparelli as well as in other sources, such as You tube, journals, articles and web sites. For this purpose, the essay will open with a review of the work of Salvador Dali followed by research on Elsa Schiaparelli's design, before finally comparing them in relation to surrealism. During the course of this essay themes such as surrealism, motif of drawers, fashion as an art and influence of surrealism on current days will be explored using the theories of a number of experts.
Spanish painter, Salvador Dali was definitely one of the most eccentric personalities of the XX century. He is well known as a pioneer of surrealist art. His output up to these days, has had a huge influence on media and current artists around the globe. He was the one who stepped forward by bringing surreal elements into the objects of every day use. Partly because of Dali today surrealism is so acknowledged today. In "Modern Masters" Alastair Sooke stated: "Who knows what surrealism mean, its something that conjures up of bizarre and unexpected or the irrational, the fact that we do is entirely thanks to Dali who brought surrealism into the main street"(Sooke 2013). As Dali has not only succeeded in painting, but also in other domains such as fashion designing and film making, further more Sooke states that "Even high street fashion is embraced surrealism and this is largely thanks to Dali" (Sooke 2013).
It is well known that many of Dali's paintings have a sexual meaning. "Dali took surrealism far beyond painting, his sexually suggestive shapes permeated every aspect of his life, creating things that were absurd but strangely affecting" (Alistair Sooke, 2013). His work stands out for a naturalistic technique mixed with surrealistic elements. His aim was to show his perceptions of another world as real and palpable objects. According to Victoria Pass " The key to Dali's practice as Surrealist artist was his paranoiac-critical method. This was method through which he could see intentionally misread what he saw" (Pass, 1981 p257). Further more the writer explains that "Dali's paranoiac-critical method ignored the difference between...