This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Surrogate Motherhood And Technology Essay

3470 words - 14 pages

Surrogate Motherhood and Technology

Surrogacy: The Technology

Reproductive technologies have a lot to do with the theology of the family. One aspect of reproductive technology deals with the issue of pregnancy for profit. This concept is known as surrogacy, and it is used for procreation. Ten to fifteen percent of married couples are unable to have children of their own.1 A surrogate mother is a woman who carries the child, usually for an infertile couple. Surrogacy has been around for a long time; it dates back to biblical times. The concept of surrogacy is old, yet it remains one of the most socially controversial solutions to infertility.

Regardless of this advancement in technology, surrogacy is less desirable. The cost of surrogacy is extremely high and the outcome is often unpredictable. Surrogacy is seen as a last resort due to the process being extremely complicated. The process involves many individuals including, the infertile couple, doctors, the surrogate agency personnel, the surrogate and her family. Finally, an underlying reason to avoid surrogacy is because of the cultural beliefs-the technology of surrogacy is a direct interference with nature. Surrogacy leads to many divergent perspectives and opposing viewpoints about ethical and legal issues, some positive and some negative, which will be discussed later.

Surrogacy can be practiced in three different ways, but there are two types of surrogacy. These two types are known as traditional and gestational. In traditional surrogacy, the commissioning father's sperm is injected into the surrogate mother. In other words, the surrogate mother is artificially inseminated with the biological father's sperm. Often times, if the sperm count is low, sperm from a donor is used. In either case, the surrogate's own egg is used; hence, she is the biological mother of the child. A second type of surrogacy is referred to as gestational surrogacy. In in vitro fertilization (IVF), the surrogate mother is not genetically tied with the baby. Both commissioning parents are the genetic parents. When performing IVF, the eggs and sperms are taken from the mother and father and fertilized in a petri dish. The resulting embryo is surgically implanted into the uterus of the surrogate mother. This method is extremely expensive and requires the mother to have an intact ovary. A third way surrogacy can be practiced is, if the commissioning mother's eggs are not viable, having an egg donor "harvested" with the father's sperm. This embryo is then implanted into the surrogate mother.

The Procedure and the Law

The procedure for becoming a surrogate mother is complex. The individual undergoes several tests including Hysteroscopy/HCG, a test that determines if the fallopian tubes are clear along with the size and shape of the uterus, pap smear to check if the uterus is healthy, and much more. Before moving on to fertilization, the surrogate must know...

Find Another Essay On Surrogate Motherhood and Technology

surrogate mothers Essay

1122 words - 4 pages are ready and able to take on the responsibility of parenthood. Surrogate mothers fills a fundamental human longing. Procreation is a primitive instinct, and to many people it is devastating not to be able to become parents Surrogate motherhood is a solution to this age-old problem. Even in the bible, Abraham and Sarah resorted to a "surrogate mother" that produced their son Ishmael. 2NEED – Surrogate motherhood fills a need for

Should surrogate motherhood be permitted? Essay

924 words - 4 pages Surrogate Motherhood is when one women carries to termthe fertilized egg of another woman. This procedure is chosenby married couples who can not conceive a child in the "naturalway". In some occasions the mother may be able to produce anegg, but has no womb or some other physical problem whichprevents her from carrying a child. Whether or not the husbandcan produce a large amount of sperm is not a problem. Once theegg and sperm are combined in

The Surrogate Mother - Womb For Rent

1629 words - 7 pages of biological parents or those of the surrogate mothers-should be protected.   Gestational surrogacy, especially when it involves commercial surrogates, challenges the status quo in the ethical theory of reproduction, because with this technology the process of producing a child can no longer remain a private matter. Now a public contract exists between two parties, the couple and the surrogate mother. Such a gestational surrogacy

Under What Circumstances Should Surrogacy Contracts Be Enforceable

2005 words - 8 pages applications to protect human assisted reproductive technology to better serve the community, which is also urgent requirement for the development of the times proposed legislation. Diekens (2005) thinks that admittedly, on social ethics and public acceptance behavioral, surrogate is psychological, which until today still faces some criticism. But in the course of the entire human assisted reproductive technology development, heterogeneous artificial

Surrogate Motherhood

1017 words - 4 pages Surrogate Motherhood is something that not many people actually support, even though it “is one of the many reproductive techniques that have enabled infertile couples to have children” (qtd. in Freedman). There are two types of surrogacy, traditional and gestational. The traditional type of surrogacy involves the surrogate mother being (AI) artificially inseminated with the sperm of the intended father or sperm from a donor when the sperm count

Over-Doing Surrogate Mother

1552 words - 6 pages There are many women who are not able to carry children or birth them. The good thing about this that there are other women that can carry them babies for them until birth. This is a relationship in which one woman bears and gives birth to a child for a person or a couple who then adopts or takes legal custody of the children; also called mothering by proxy. In surrogate motherhood, one woman acts as a surrogate, or replacement, mother for

Prevelant Issues in Surrogate Parenting

1757 words - 7 pages typically the father's acknowledgment of paternity and adoption, with his wife, of the child. Through surrogate motherhood, a couple desiring a child need not wait an indefinite number of years for an adoptable baby, as generally happens at the present time. The married couple obtains a child who is the husband's biological offspring- a child for whose existence both husband and wife can feel responsible.Surrogate parenting is highly controversial by its

The Cause and Effects of Surrogate Mother

1825 words - 7 pages The main causes of women choose to be surrogate mothers are poverty and kind human being, and its result in physical and mental effects to the surrogate mother. II. Surrogacy is often done or committed is because of poverty. A. Effects of poverty 1. Hunger 2. Sickness B. Surrogacy is becoming a growing business. 1. Earn more money in order to overcome their hardship III. Surrogacy is being done by people. A. Help relative that could

Debate on Surrogate Motherhood

747 words - 3 pages The practice of bearing a child on behalf of another woman. This is surrogate motherhood. Is it considered immoral? By some, yes. In some countries it is banned--and in others it is promoted or up for consideration.In recent days, the issue of 'right and wrong' has surfaced in the midst of this argument, sharing different meanings to the opposing sides. To some, it is right only for the woman who brings forth life to raise the child; for it is

Surrogate Mothers, Ethical Or Unethical

1023 words - 4 pages Surrogate Mothers Ethical or Unethical For most surrogate mothers they are expected to give up the child she has borne over approximately nine months willingly and if not by legal contract. The mother is not to have a relationship with the child after birth so that the child will only know its nurturing another couple and shall not be confused. Public controversy over surrogate motherhood is accelerating. Because surrogacy questions cherished

Rewrting the Myth of Absent Mother: Naomi's Self-Development in Joy Kogawa's Obasan

7930 words - 32 pages differences among women were as important as commonalities, they have brought alternative constructions of mothering into the spotlight" (3). As she believes that mothering is socially constructed within specific historical and cultural contexts, Glenn elaborates it in a wider sense which subsumes the factor of sexual orientation and technology instead of focusing exclusively on class, racial and ethnic differences. Absent and Surrogate Motherhood

Similar Essays

Surrogate Motherhood Essay

775 words - 3 pages Surrogate Motherhood: Good or Bad?      There are many controversies surrounding the idea of surrogate motherhood, by its definition, it is a course of action that goes outside natural reproduction. Although surrogacy was first brought up in the bible it is only until recently that it has actually become an issue for criticism and debate. Factors such as the growth of infertility in modern society, coupled with the

Surrogate Motherhood Essay

2513 words - 10 pages Surrogate motherhood refers to that condition of a fertile (footnote) woman who has been contracted to become impregnated via reproductive technologies such as donor or artificial insemination. It is that condition wherein that fertile woman also has agreed to transfer her rights on the child to the biological parents after giving birth. This is bounded by a contract that was signed by the contracting parents and the surrogate. The reasons for

Surrogacy Should Be Banned In All States

1027 words - 5 pages An article titled “Baby M and the Question of Surrogate Motherhood,” discusses the oldest court case involving surrogacy. In this case, the surrogate mother, Mary Beth Whitehead, decided that she did not want to give away the baby she had carried the past nine months. The couple that had hired Whitehead as a surrogate went to court to get their baby back and their case prevailed. The author of the article, Clyde Haberman seems to be unbiased and

Should Surrogate Motherhood Be Allowed? Essay

906 words - 4 pages Surrogate Motherhood is when one women carries to term the fertilized egg of another woman. This procedure is chosen by married couples who can not conceive a child in the “natural way”. In some occasions the mother may be able to produce an egg, but has no womb or some other physical problem which prevents her from carrying a child. Whether or not the husband can produce a large amount of sperm is not a problem. Once the egg and sperm are