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Surveillance For Crime Prevention Essay

1935 words - 8 pages

Why do we as American's fear of becoming the victim of a crime? Reality is that we as individuals of the United States only have a two-percent chance of becoming the victim of a violent crime. Surveillance is starting to become high in demand for businesses, offices, and even inside and outside of homes solely because we are taught that crime is always happening to someone, somewhere. From personal experience, I feel as if surveillance cameras are not only one of the best ways to prevent crime, but it also increases the possibility to catch the individual(s) who choose to engage in a deviant act or actions. Although alarm systems can be effective, they do not identify who is committing the crime. The alarm systems simply tell the offender "do not continue" when a house is armed and broken into. For example, I live in a middle-to-upper-class neighborhood where burglaries and robberies used to occur on a weekly basis. Everyone in my neighborhood has an alarm system, but when the robberies began to increase, our community came together as a whole and pitched in for surveillance camera's throughout the streets of our neighborhood. Since our actions have taken place, we have had little to zero robberies, break-ins, and burglaries within the last 4 months. The article I chose discusses different forms of surveillance, reviews, and the effectiveness surveillance camera's have on the society in Britain and America.
The main terms to consider in this study are crime prevention and surveillance. Crime prevention is the most important expression to keep in mind while thoroughly examining this study simply because that is the main reason why this research analysis has been introduced. Surveillance is the main cause as to why crime prevention occurs. One type of surveillance camera that Welsh and Farrington(2004) mention is called closed-circuit television(CCTV)-known as the type of surveillance that keeps society watching continuously throughout any given day. Individuals claim that the states throughout our country are always being watched by the Government; our every move, our every purchase, and even our every commute to and from work are being monitored. Welsh and Farrington(2004) both agree in explaining that the closed-circuit television(CCTV) is doing the exact same thing. "America is on the verge of becoming a 'surveillance society' (Stanley and Steinhardt, 2003:1)" (Welsh, 2004: 2). George Orwell discusses that “Every single technical device that has been invented, restored, or refurbished in the last ten years is becoming an increasing negative towards individuals freedom of interference”, but Welsh and Farrington seem to disagree. "Fact is, there are no longer any barriers to the Big Brother regime portrayed by George Orwell" (Welsh, 2004:2).
Clark and Homel (1997) mention in this study that they have classified three different forms of surveillance when it comes to the prevention of any given situational crime. In their opinion,...

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