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Surveillance In 1984 And The Modern World

873 words - 4 pages

A world beyond what George Orwell could imagine has been created in modern society through the use of not only government surveillance, but also corporate and consumer spying where users are often unaware of spying.. 1984 is set in a neo-communist society where the government controls production of goods and spies on its citizens in order to maintain power. In the modern era, surveillance takes a different form. Often the methods for spying on citizens in the US do not involve a direct line from the NSA to the citizen’s home, it usually takes a detour through a commercial setting. By partnering with major companies such as Facebook, Google, and Amazon, government surveillance programs ...view middle of the document...

Because of this, many act as if their actions online are private. To understand how surveillance happens on the internet, it is important to understand the technology. The internet was originally designed as a way to transport information during war. To prevent a single strike from crippling the internet, it is not a single network, but rather a network of networks with no central point through which all information flows. Because there is no central point, there is no way to effectively monitor the online actions of users. To monitor users, the NSA must have some way to spy on every node of the internet; however, there is a small collection of nodes through which most information flows; these nodes make up ISPs (Internet Service Providers). Monitoring users through their internet provider is not difficult since many ISPs, including AT&T, Verizon, and Comcast, do not require a warrant to disclose private information and do not notify users of data requests (“Who Has Your Back?”). This gives government organizations the capability to spy on every online action of every citizen who is not willing to set up the equipment necessary to become their own ISP. Many are not aware that ISPs are willing to give private information to the government and do not take appropriate actions to protect themselves online.
Even those who use online anonymity software such as Tor or 8.8.8.8/8.8.4.4 can be monitored by the government. This is accomplished by partnerships between the government and major organizations, and even data-sharing...

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