Survival Of Jamestown? Essay

1064 words - 4 pages

21 May 2013HistoryThe Survival of Jamestown?Jamestown was the first American colony and is remembered best for their cash crop, tobacco. Unfortunately for the Jamestown settlers, they did not know how to hunt or grow food and they soon were running low on money to buy their necessities to survive. Many died of starvation until a man named James Rolfe brought in a plant called tobacco which would save Jamestown and make it the wealthiest of the 13 colonies. Tobacco was a plant that was very popular and successful in London because of its medicinal uses. Since Jamestown was one of the main suppliers for tobacco, it kept their economy booming. The survival of Jamestown was dependent on the growth of tobacco because the crop was a major factor in the development of the economy, labor, and the population.In the early days of Jamestown, the economy was failing. However, once the people of Jamestown started to plant tobacco, their economy started to develop at a rapid pace. Many of the English were sent to Jamestown by European investors to find gold and silver to make a profit. They soon found out there were too little resources to make a profit; therefore, they tried anything from glass blowing to silkworm farming (Marks). Since the settlers of Jamestown could not make enough of a profit from things such as glass blowing and silkworm farming they were running out of ideas. By 1612, a man named John Rolfe was experimenting with growing native Virginian tobacco for a profit, but then he soon found out that the Virginian tobacco was too harsh for European taste ("John Rolfe"). John Rolfe, looking for another strain of tobacco, found a tobacco plant from the West Indies that he could sell to Europeans: "Rolfe gave some tobacco from his crop to friends "to make a trial of," and they agreed that the new leaf had "smoked pleasant, sweete and strong." The remainder of the crop was shipped to England, where it compared favorably with "Spanish" leaf."("John Rolfe"). The new plant was as fragrant as the Spanish tobacco Europeans were used to. The new tobacco was also cheaper. By the 1630s, Jamestown was exporting over a million and a half pounds every year. The people of Jamestown gradually stopped farming food/crops and just used the money that the earned from tobacco and buy their food from neighboring Indian tribes (Marks). Because John Rolfe introduced a new strain of tobacco, it gave Jamestown the economic boost it needed to succeed and flourish in the competitive new world.As the demand for more tobacco grew, the plantation owners of Jamestown needed a bigger workforce to keep up with the rising demand for labor. By the 1700s, most of the new arrivals to America were indentured servants. Indentured servants were immigrants from Europe looking for a better life. They became workers for tobacco plantation owners for an agreed period of time. After the agreed time is over, indentured servants were set free and given a small amount of land and money (Beverley,...

Find Another Essay On Survival of Jamestown?

Native Americans Essay

614 words - 2 pages had a tough time attracting settlers and adapting to their environment. The role of the Indian helping the white man in North America played an important part in the survival of the American colonies. In the Jamestown colony, very few people survived the disease and sickness which accompanied the low, swampy landscape. In their attempt to survive, they raided Indian villages in search of food and kidnap natives. Because they didn’t see Indians as

Colonial Jamestown Essay

1165 words - 5 pages Colonial Jamestown In 1606 King James I set two companies, the London and the Plymouth, out with three instructions: find gold, find a route to the South Seas, and find the Lost Colony of Roanoke. Five months later, and forty-five men less, the London Company landed on a semi-island along the banks of a river the Indians knew as “Powhatan’s River”. On May 13, 1607, the first permanent British colony had been established in the form of a


653 words - 3 pages stagnant water. This allowed disease to run rampant. Jamestown only lasted until 1700 when its settlers abandoned it, and moved Williamsburg. The colonist’s primary objective, as mentioned before, was to make money, and also try and drive out Spanish colonies. None of the colonists concentrated on survival and focused on their search for prosperity. Because of all the time spent on looking for gold or the route to China, and their lack of skills

North American Indian Relations with the French and the British

518 words - 2 pages to the culture and economy of the natives in different ways.When the first British settlers arrived on the coast of North America, they established a settlement in Jamestown, Virginia. At first, the English in America clung to the coast of the continent and interacted very little with the natives. As Jamestown survived, other groups from England began coming to America. By the mid-1630s, the natives were nearly nonexistent as European diseases

Serving time in Virginia

1345 words - 5 pages hold in Jamestown, where there was a dire need for free labor and more land to produce the crop. This angered the natives and their relationship became volatile, which resulted in warring between them.As for the Plymouth settlers, they came in search of religious freedom, they had a much better relationship with the natives, they were not afraid of work, they placed a strong emphasis on education, they farmed on a small scale, for survival, the

The Roanoke Colony

3785 words - 15 pages commercial investment," Noël-Hume said.(6) Luccketti thinks lessons educated at Roanoke Island helped make sure the survival of the Jamestown settlement 20 years later. Hariot told the Jamestown settlers about the Native Americans' severe fondness for copper ornaments, and so the settlers brought copper with them. When the Jamestown settlers were on the edge of starving, they traded copper to the Indians for food, and that saved the Jamestown colony

Indians And Colonists Relations

1306 words - 5 pages other native tribes to the west. He also realized the value in having access to new European technology and he sought to lessen the dangers of an independent power within his area by limiting their contact with other local tribes. Eventually, this contact led to a peaceful relationship between the two groups and resulted in the survival of the English settlers in Jamestown ( American/anglopowhatan.html

English Colonisation in America: the Beginning

2407 words - 10 pages Jamestown she and John Rolfe met. It is known, that Rolfe was a pious man and he had deep doubts over his decision to marry a savage girl. Still there is no doubt that he loved her, as we can see in his letters: "It is Pocahontas to whom my hearty and best thoughts are." In April of 1614 they married in Jamestown's church. The marriage initiated an eight-year peace between the colonists and the Indians, ensuring the survival of the struggling new

Transatlantic Influence

1279 words - 6 pages transatlantic trade, influenced the origins and patterns of development of North American societies in the colonial period. Trade affected the birth and development of the British colonies in America. In the case of the first colony, Virginia, trade was at the heart of its survival. When Virginia was first settled, it resulted in several failures. The first colony there, Roanoke, disappeared, after which Jamestown was founded. At its inception

European influence in North America.

953 words - 4 pages In early colonial America, there were thirteen colonies. The English started them all, but those colonies varied indefinitely. The two primary regions of the colonies were the Chesapeake and the New England Regions. In the very beginnings of these regions, there were ample amounts of differences to create two very different American cultures. The first permanent English settlement in America is Jamestown, Virginia. Jamestown began as a business

John Smith

721 words - 3 pages Virginia Company of London that’d be sent to America. Smith was part of a group whose purpose was to make profit in the form of mineral, wealth, and goods. In 1606 the voyagers set sail. During the trip John Smith was accused of mutiny and almost hung. Smith was placed into custody and managed to stay alive. In April 1607 he arrived with the group at Chesapeake Bay. This settlement was named Jamestown and would later be known as the first permanent

Similar Essays

Plymouth And Jamestown: Government, Power, And Survival

628 words - 3 pages The Jamestown and Plymouth settlements were both settled in the early 1600's. Plymouth and Jamestown were located along the shoreline in Massachusetts and Virginia, respectively. Although both had different forms of government, they both had strong leadership. Jamestown was controlled by the London Company, who wanted to profit from the venture, while the Puritans who settled at Plymouth were self-governed with an early form of democracy and

Jamestown The First English Colony

1206 words - 5 pages John Smith who "held them together through the toughest of times" from mid-1608 to mid-1609(Jamestown 28). He saw that they were worrying so much about gold and silver that they were not caring much about their survival so he put them on the right path. The third main contributor was Governor Thomas West, who brought more settlers and supplies which saved Jamestown from being abandoned. Disasters plagued Jamestown on and off. The location of

The Importance And Influence Of John Smith And Pocahontas To The New World

1368 words - 5 pages Jamestown were brought back up again, John Smith lead the colonists in 1608 to the means of survival. With his famous quote "no work, no food," he managed to motivate colonists to make an effort into helping the colony prosper. He successfully traded with the Nansemond Native Americans for food; although, he was encountered by a different tribe known as the Powhatan Indians during his next journey up the river. The Powhatans attacked and killed

Differences Between The New England And Chesapeake Colonies

1222 words - 5 pages importance on other matters such as to ensure of the colony survival. In addition, the government of the Chesapeake regions varies due to the fact that some colonies were royal colonies and some were proprietary colonies. Jamestown government established the House of Burgesses .It was the first meeting of an elected legislature representative assembly. Jamestown was governed under harsh rules. Captain John Smith was Jamestown governor who placed the