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Survivors Of The Holocaust Essay

951 words - 4 pages

Holocaust Research Paper: The Survivors of the Holocaust
The Holocaust was the organized massacre of about 11 million people 6 million of them were Jews; different groups of people were murdered by an association called the Nazis. The Holocaust which is also known as Shoah was a time when Hitler and the Nazis came to power. It started in 1933 and ended in 1945 when the war ended. The mass murder of these people took place in all over Europe. The Nazis (National Socialist German Worker's Party) believed they were superior to all other races and religions. The Jews were the most targeted out of all the other ethnic and religious groups in Germany. Some of the other groups targeted by the Nazis were Gypsies, Poles, Russians, African-Americans and the disabled were also besieged. Imagine being horribly mistreated, beaten and battered for years, Imagine being in captivity for years and one day someone tells you you’re free. The feeling of freedom is exhilarating, overwhelming and sometimes even traumatic. My research essay is based on the experiences these people had to go through as survivors of the Holocaust.
About 6 million Jews were executed throughout the holocaust. Before the Nazis conquered Germany there were about 9.5 million Jews, which was about 1.7% of Europe. There were different Jewish cultures in Europe. At the end of the Holocaust only about 1/3 of the Jews survived, this left only about 3 million people. By 1950 1.5 million Jews lived in America, to escape the horror that Germany had become. Jehovah Witnesses’ were also eliminated about 30,000 of them were German. Only about 20,000 of them still practiced during the Holocaust. About 90% of them survived the Holocaust. Homosexuals also were targeted during this time. Homosexuality (gays) was illegal in Weiner, Germany. The Nazis saw them as weak and useless they were not able to reproduce. Lesbians were also discriminated, mainly because they were women, but they weren’t persecuted. Although it’s likely that homosexuals were murdered, it’s not known how many. Gypsies (Roma) were a part of the less discriminated groups, because majority of them were Aryan and this is what Hitler defined as perfect. The Nazis still had to find a reason to kill them, so they turned to racial hygiene. Dr. Ritter was assigned to investigate them; his final conclusion was that they had corrupt blood and “criminal” characteristics. One quarter of million Roma people were terminated during the Holocaust. The massacre of the mentally and physically disabled people was called the Euthanasia Program. Euthanasia means good death, as they killed the people without violence. During the summer and spring months of 1939 some of Hitler’s associates planned the Euthanasia Program. Parents with disabled kids were encouraged to admit their children to...

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