Sustainability Of Huma Development Essay

1980 words - 8 pages

Africa as a whole is at the crossroads of sustainable development as it searches for policy mixes, programmes, strategies and appropriate institutional mechanisms to improve the quality of life of the people. Zambia as a nation is no exception to this. Therefore, this paper defines sustainable human development and outlines the means and ways the Zambian government has done to sustain human development. It also outlines the challenges the government of Zambia faced in making sustainable human development a reality to the people of Zambia.Human development is defined as the process of expanding people's freedoms to live long, healthy and creative lives; to advance towards other goals that they have reason to value; and to engage actively in shaping equitable and sustainable development on a shared planet (UNDP 2010:22). Thus, sustainable human development is defined as "human development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." Under the principles of the United Nations Charter the Millennium Declaration identified principles and treaties on sustainable development, including economic development, social development and environmental protection. Broadly defined, sustainable human development is a systems approach to growth and development and to manage natural, produced, and social capital for the welfare of their own and future generations.Needham (2011) referred to sustainable development as the ability to meet the needs of the present while contributing to the future generations' needs.According to Hasna (2007) sustainability is a function of social, economic, technological and ecological themes. Thus, there are different domains identified for sustainable development, which are broadly defined in three domains, ecology, economics and politics.The sustainability of human settlements is part of the relationship between humans and their natural, social and built environments (Needham 2011). Also termed human ecology, this broadens the focus of sustainable development to include the domain of human health. Ecological human development includes agriculture, energy and environment. Sustainable agriculture may be defined as consisting of environmentally friendly methods of farming that allow the production of crops or livestock without damage to human or natural systems. More specifically, it might be said to include preventing adverse effects to soil, water, biodiversity, surrounding or downstream resources as well as to those working or living on the farm or in neighbouring areas.Sustainable energy is the sustainable provision of energy that is clean and lasts for a long period of time. Unlike the fossil fuel that most of the countries are using, renewable energy only produces little or even no pollution. Environmental sustainability concerns the natural environment and how it endures and remains diverse and productive. Since Natural resources are derived from the...

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