Sustainable Energy Systems And Their Benefits

2367 words - 9 pages

In recent years the research of scientists has come to public attention and it is a widely accepted fact that the Earth is warming up. What has caused this change in the Earth is still up for debate and a controversial issue. One side is that humans are causing the warming by burning fossil fuels. Staying on that topic, fossil fuels are limited in quantity, and some scientists speculate that we may run out sooner than we are ready for. This is where sustainable energy systems come into play. When using sustainable energy systems such as hydro electric, wind, or cruder methods such as waste incineration, burning of fossil fuels will decrease. With this decrease, or at least slowdown, of fossil fuels we will be able to reduce or maintain green house gas emissions as not to influence the warming of the globe more than we already do. And obviously we will be able to conserve our fossil fuels so that we do not run out while we are still dependent on them.
One of the big factors discussed when talking about green house gas emissions is the automobile, however a less looked at factor is electricity generation. Car manufacturers are stuck in their ways, and slow to change how they do business. On the other hand, electrical companies seem to be much more flexible when it comes to making changes and expanding to use resources other than fossil fuels. In many cases, power companies are able to easily integrate renewable or sustainable sources into their power grids, power sources that do not take more from the earth than they give. If power companies were able to use more sustainable sources, it would benefit themselves, the consumers, and the environment. The price of sustainable power does not fluctuate like the price of coal or natural gas because sustainable sources come from the environment, so the power companies would make higher profits assuming upkeep of these sources is reasonable. The higher profits for power companies would most likely mean that consumers also get lower prices, and the self comfort of knowing that their power source does not harm the environment. Then of course, green house gas emissions would be greatly reduced when using sustainable energy sources. Compared to coal, a sustainable source such as hydro electric power emits greenhouse gases at two orders of magnitude less than coal (Erdogdu 1111-1117). To put that into perspective, let's say you generate a certain amount of energy with coal and during that production you release 1,000,000 tons of CO2 into the atmosphere. When generating that same amount of electricity with hydro power, only 100 tons of CO2 would be released into the environment. This is the type of greenhouse gas reductions that many countries are looking for.
One country that could currently benefit by switching over to renewable sources is Turkey. Not only should they use renewable sources to reduce harm to their own environment, but they should do so to set an example for the rest of the world. The...

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