Sweat Shops In Mexico Essay

1131 words - 5 pages

Imagine working tirelessly in a factory all day with the constant pressure of trying to support your family. This is the reality for millions of Mexican workers employed in maquiladoras. Maquiladoras are factories of foreign companies, mostly American, that use Mexican natives to build their products. The problem is many believe work for these improvised people is a good thing. However, the conditions of the factories are dangerous and the many implications of having these foreign factories in Mexico do not benefit the people in the long run. Maquiladoras ignore the well-being of workers proving that they should be banned.
The working conditions in the Maquiladoras endanger workers. Women workers are denied access to social, maternity, and health benefits (Woman’s Labor). Woman are at a disadvantage if they get pregnant. There are no benefits for these workers to fall back on, as soon as they get pregnant they are fired because the factory managers do not want to pay a medical leave. In such cases, workers can easily be replaced and there are dramatic changes in employment for families. “Government oversight is poor. There are not enough inspectors. There is no obligatory inspection scheme, only a voluntary one, and inspections are arranged in advance, with no surprise visits” (Godoy). No inspections of the maquiladora work environment leaves room for factories to have no responsibility on keeping the work environment safe. The factories try to cover up the bad conditions by arranging inspections. There are no safety standards for the employees which leads to a dangerous work space. Workers receive $3.40 an hour, not enough to support a family (Shah). The pay received by workers is low, lower then minimum wage resulting in poverty. Plants take advantage of Mexico’s low wages, tax exemptions and flexible labor (Godoy). Since there are a lot of people working in the Maquiladoras, factories pay them less and it is cheap for the factories to build in Mexico. “A sea of more than 23 million unemployed or underemployed workers, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, creates downward pressure on wages and working conditions, and means there are plenty of workers willing to accept increasingly low-paid, non-union jobs with few or non-existent benefits” (Paterson).
Mexico’s economic growth has been limited by a need for structural reforms in the labor and fiscal sectors (Villarreal). Mexico cannot grow because the trade between the United States and their country is not equal. The American companies get cheap labor and sell the product for more than they were made. “Mexico relies heavily on the United States as an export maker” (Villarreal). Mexico dependency on the United States hinders them. If the U.S. falls economically, like during recession, Mexican workers are effected. “The Great Recession has led to unsafe working conditions, unpaid overtime, fewer benefits, and speed-ups on the shop floor” (Paterson). 79% of Mexico’s...

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