Sweden Essay

1249 words - 5 pages

Sweden

A country that has a tradition of neutrality in the event of war has been spared from war since 1814; Sweden has maintained a characteristic of very high status within the world now. Some even consider Sweden to have a utopian society due to its low unemployment, low birthrate, and the world's highest life expectancy rates.
Sweden has a population of about 8, 857, 000 people, and with only 1,625,000 people in its largest city. Another one of Sweden's most populated cities, Göteborg, has about 783,000 inhabitants, and another major city of Sweden is Malmö, 515,000 people. Sweden's population is just right around the area of New Jersey's. With one of the highest life expectancies the world has, the fertility level of 1.5 children per woman was the lowest for Sweden ever recorded, yet still above average in Europe. The main language spoken in Sweden is Swedish. Swedish is a Germanic language, which has historically been the mother tongue of nearly the entire population, and almost 90 % of native Swedes belong to the Church of Sweden. The Church of Sweden has been the State church for nearly 500 years. The ethnic diversity of the area differs from the surrounding territories. The predominate religion of the area are the Christian Protestants. Sweden has a higher immigration than emigration. But most of the immigrants are Swedish people returning home. Today roughly 18 % of Swedish residents are foreign -- born or have at least one non-native parent. Sweden has two minority groups of native inhabitants: the Finnish-speaking people of the northeast, along the Finnish border (about 30,000) and the Sami population of about 17,000. The Sami are scattered throughout the northern Swedish interior and in nearby northerly areas of Norway, Finland and Russia, numbering between 50,000 and 60,000 in all.
The location of Sweden is located on the Scandinavian Peninsula in northern Europe. With over 100,000 lakes and 1,680 miles of coastline, this justifies why the Swedish have a passion for boats and summerhouses. With a land area of only 174,000 square miles, it is one of the most sparsely populated countries in Europe. Forest and wood products cover more than half the land, which is a very important resource for the people. In the north, mountains and forests predominate, while in the south is characterized by wooded hills and fertile plains. The North is also known as the Norrland, where, it compromises the northern three-fifths of Sweden and its rolling landscape of hills and mountains, forests, and large river valleys. Along this borderline are big deposits of iron ores. This gives rise to Sweden's oldest industrial region, Bergslagen. Even further north are the copper, lead and zinc ores. The western border follows the Scandinavian mountain range where its peaks rising 1,000-2,000 meters above sea level. Sweden's largest rivers originate in these mountains. With only 1,625,000 people in it's capital, Stockholm...

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