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Sweet Potato Essay

940 words - 4 pages

Sweet potatoes are a vegetable in the Convolvulaceae family, signifying that it is a vine, funnel shaped flower, and bisexual plant. Its botanical name is Ipomoea batatas. Sweet potatoes are also assimilated with “yams” in the United States; this is because of its orange-flesh. (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2013)
Sweet potatoes date back to 750 B.C. in Peruvian reports, even though archeologists have found evidence showing that sweet potatoes began around 2500-1850 BCE. It is also said that Columbus brought sweet potatoes from England and soon after they were transported here. They became very popular in South and Central America. Later, Columbus brought sweet potatoes back to Spain and there ...view middle of the document...

The seeds are planted two inches deep in the seeding beds. Farmers will plant the seeds when the temperature is warm, usually between 65 to 70 degrees F. Some farmers will plant the seeds then cover the rows with plastic crop covers to keep the soil warm. By April, the sprouts are big enough, usually up to twelve to fourteen inches tall to get cut. The cuttings are usually just above two inches from the soil, this helps decrease the spread disease from the seeding beds to the field. From the cuttings, they will use them for transplanting during April, May, and June. (Cook, 1972)
When harvesting sweet potatoes, a good crop should produce a bushel of sweet potatoes from a row of twenty-five to thirty feet long, with an typical yield of three hundred and twenty bushels per acre. It is crucial to not damage the skin of roots. Having undamaged roots will allow for a better sale. After harvested, it’s important to not expose them to the sun for more than an hour. When first harvested, the sweet potatoes are not exactly sweet. A couple months of storage will sweeten and moisten the flavor of the sweet potatoes.
There are many ways to prepare a sweet potato. The healthiest way to prepare a sweet potato is to bake it. Au Gratin is another way to make this potato, which is a dish better known in North America as scalloped potatoes. My personal favorite way to eat sweet potatoes is in the form of French fries. You can shred sweet potatoes and fry them make hash browns too. Grilling sweet potatoes is a quick and easy way to cook them. Mashing them just like you would with a regular potato is a common way to cook them as well. Deep frying sliced sweet potatoes making them into chips is a simple way to cook. Roasting and turning them...

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