The Idea of the Combatant Command structure was first emerged during World War II with the establishment of the different geographical theaters of operation that was composed of militant forces from different services. A single General or Admiral was appointed the single commander nominated by the President of the United States and was supported by a joint staff. With the implementation of the Goldwater Nichols Act of 1986, COCOM Commanders attained a nontransferable command authority over different service forces directly to the Secretary of Defense. Today there are 6 Geographic commanders consisting of the newest member the United States Africa Command (USAFRICOM), U.S. Central Command (USCENTCOM), U.S. European Command (USEUCOM), U.S. Northern Command (USNORTHCOM), U.S. Pacific Command (USPACOM), and U.S. Southern Command (USSOUTHCOM).
There has been a significant amount of criticism and arguments over the structuring and organization of the Combatant Commanders. Arguments have been made over personnel and budget restraints to peacetime efforts and the need for continued assistance. This Essay will analyze the COCOM structure using a SWOT analysis to look at both the internal and external points of the different commands and the overall effects the COCOM has on the world. This essay will finally offer and modification of the structure that would benefit the organization.
The SWOT analysis is an acronym that stands for Strengths, Weakness, Opportunities, and Threats. The idea of this assessment was developed by a man name Albert Humphrey in 1960’s. His team of researchers at the Stanford Research Institute originally developed a long range corporate planning model called SOFT meaning Satisfactory, Opportunity, Fault, and Threats, but soon changed it to the model we know today, SWOT. This type of analysis of an organization works well with both military and non-military organizations. All organizations essentially deal with the political and economical difficulties of succeeding. The question becomes how to efficiently and effectively deal with these difficulties in order to succeed as an organization. The SWOT analyst does exactly this by breaking the internal perspective into strengths and weakness producing competitive differentiators and performance vulnerabilities, and the external perspective of opportunities and threats.
The first quadrant of the SWOT analysis is the term Strengths. This area focuses on the core competence of an organization. Looking at the COCOM structure, one of the biggest core competences of having this structure is the ability to partner with other agencies and different countries throughout that Commanders area of responsibilities. This is evident throughout each COCOM’s mission statement. Looking at USEUCOM’s Mission statement, it states, “The mission of the U.S. European Command is to conduct military operations, international military engagement, and interagency partnering to enhance...